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Title A talk from the head men warriers [sic] of the Cherokey [sic] Nation at a meeting held at Ustinare... [manuscript]: addressed to the Honorable Richard Winn Esquire, Superintendent for the Southern Department in answer to a talk sent by him dated the 12th Oct. 1788, 1788 Nov. 20
Author Cherokee Nation
Document Type Manuscript; Tribe Record
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Contemporary copy of the address of Cherokee chiefs and headmen, Nov. 20, 1788, at Ustinali (now Calhoun, Georgia), to Richard Winn, U.S. Superintendent of Indian Affairs for the Southern District, responding favorably to the proclamation of Congress and promises that the Nation’s hunting grounds would be restored. Pledging to cease hostilities and return white captives, the Cherokee leaders also note their fear of the "white people that lives in the new State" (probably John Sevier and his Franklin militia). A portion of the talk is given by Little Turkey, a Cherokee chief, and twenty-three chiefs and headmen are indicated to have signed it.
Names Winn, Richard; Little Turkey (1758-1801)
Places Tennessee, Ustinali, Calhoun, Georgia, State of Franklin, United States
Keywords hunting, Bureau of Indian Affairs, government, tribal government, chief, Congress of the United States, hostage, squatter
Theme American Indians and the US Government
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Southeast
Additional Information Although the Treaty of Hopewell (1785) defined the boundaries of the Cherokee Nation and the U.S., Congress during the Confederation period was unable to keep white squatters off Cherokee lands. With violence escalating between Cherokees and settlers, particularly those of the "State of Franklin" (now Tennessee), Congress in Sept. of 1788 issued a proclamation forbidding white intrustion on Cherokee land.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT oversize Ayer MS 157
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue