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|Title||Accounts and diary [manuscript]: Deer Creek and Rough and Ready, [Calif.], 1850 Mar. 8 - June 7|
|Author||Houghton, Cornelius Briggs (b.1823)|
|Date||View date in the chronology|
|Document Type||Financial Record; Diary|
|Description||From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Accounts, Mar. 8 - June 7, 1850, and diary, Mar. 9 - May 5, 1850, kept by C. B. Houghton en route to the California gold-mining region from Sacramento, and at Rough and Ready and Deer Creek. Accounts itemize expenditures for transportation, lodging, meals, mules and horses, foodstuffs, mining equipment, and cooking utensils. Also listed are the account settlements of partners Houghton, John C. Garfield, and E. S. Darling. Diary describes travel, impeded by bad roads and rain; mining results and Indian conflicts at Rough and Ready; and claim investments and further mining results at Deer Creek. The last entry, dated May 5, records Houghton’s trip to Bird’s Valley on the middle fork of the American River, and notes families encountered along the way and news of Indian troubles.|
|Names||Garfield, John C.; Darling, E. S.|
|Places||Sacramento, Rough and Ready, Deer Creek, Bird's Valley, American River, California, United States|
|Keywords||money, financial transactions, mining, gold, gold rush, goods, travel, travelogue, weather, trail, hostility, equipment, pioneer, frontier|
|Theme||Trade and Indian Economies|
|Culture Area||California, Great Basin|
Houghton was a California gold miner. Originally from Massachusetts, he emigrated to California in 1849, and settled in 1853 in Benicia. In 1878, his occupation was listed as lumber dealer.
The material includes a typed transcription of Houghton's diary.
|Library||The Newberry Library|
|Copyright||The Newberry Library|
|Collection||The Edward E. Ayer Collection|
|Reference||VAULT box Ayer MS 3075|
|Catalogue Link||The Newberry Library Catalogue|