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|Title||Book relative to Indian affairs [manuscript]: journals to treaties, 1791-1794|
|Author||Parrish, John (1729-1807)|
|Date||View date in the chronology|
|Document Type||Travel Journal|
|Description||From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Journal kept by John Parrish, regarding his journeys from Philadelphia to three Indian treaty councils, June 12-July 15, 1791, Apr. 30-Aug. 19, 1793, and Sept. 15-Nov. 27, 1794. Includes reports on travel and accomodations, Quaker meetings held enroute, visits to Indian camps, interviews with Indian delegates (Red Jacket, Farmer’s Brother, Cornplanter, etc.), interactions with U.S. Commissioners (Timothy Pickering) and British officials (Lt. Gov. Simcoe, Col. England), and negotiations and council meetings. Also comments on Niagara Falls, Jemimah Wilkinson, Indian captives, Detroit, the Moravian Indians, Col. Joseph Brant’s efforts with the western Indians, and Gen. Wayne’s American army. Contains copies of letters from Lt. Gov. Simcoe, June 3, 1793, and the Moravian Indians, July 5, 1793; "A short account of Silvester Ash’s captivity as related by himself"; and "Speech of the commissioners of the United States delivered to the deputation of confederated Indian nations assembled at the rapids of the Miami River," July 31, 1793. Several newspaper articles are also copied in the journal.|
|Names||Brant, Joseph (1742-1807); Cornplanter (c.1732-1836); England, Richard (c.1750-1812); Farmer’s Brother (c.1725-1814); Parrish, John (1729-1807); Pickering, Timothy (1745-1829); Red Jacket (c.1756-1830); Simcoe, John Graves (1752-1806); Wilkinson, Jemima (1752-1819)|
|Places||Detroit, Michigan, Niagara Falls, New York, United States; Ontario, Canada|
|Keywords||treaty, captive, government, government relations, war, politics, Moravian Church, Quaker, religion, Christianity, encampment, commissioner, tribal government, army|
|Theme||American Indians and the US Government; Military Encounters: Conflicts, Rebellions and Alliances; American Indians and the European Powers|
|Tribe / Nation||Go to Tribes and Nations page|
Philadelphia Quaker who advocated emancipation of African American slaves and fair treatment of the Indians. At the request of the Indians, Parrish journeyed to three Indian - U.S. treaty councils in the early 1790’s. Two councils resulted in agreements with the Six Nations (Newtown Point, N.Y., July 15, 1791 and Canandaigua, N.Y., Nov. 11, 1794). The U.S. having rejected the Indian demand for an Ohio River boundary as a prerequisite for talks, the 1793 council with the Delawares, Shawnee, Iroquois, Wyandot and nine other tribes failed to materialize. Parrish awaited this council at the British garrison in Detroit and at the Miami River in Ohio.
Cornplanter, Farmer's Brother, and Red Jacket were Seneca chiefs.
|Library||The Newberry Library|
|Copyright||The Newberry Library|
|Collection||The Edward E. Ayer Collection|
|Reference||VAULT Ayer MS 3146|
|Catalogue Link||The Newberry Library Catalogue|