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Title Christopher C. Augur papers [manuscript] 1780-1911 (bulk 1846-1885) [1 of 5: Box 1]
Date
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript; Official Record
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: [1 of 5: Box 1] Correspondence, telegrams, printed and ms. reports and orders, maps, letterbooks, and notebook, mainly documenting Augur’s post Civil War military commands, but also highlighting his service in the Pacific Northwest and Civil War. Among subjects covered are railroad surveys of the West (1853), the Battle of Cedar Mountain, Union spies (B.B.C. Stone, Pardon Worsley), Sioux and Cheyenne campaigns, departmental administrative matters, troop morale and deportment, Mexican-Texas border depradations, the Red River War, and unrest in Reconstruction Louisiana and Mississippi. Correspondents include Immis N. Potter, Winfield S. Hancock, Ranald S. Mackenzie, Jno. P. Hatch, Alexander McD. McCook, P.H. Sheridan, and W.T. Sherman. Individual items of interest include an 1864 letter endorsed by President Lincoln regarding an offer to spy on the Confederates, an 1863 treaty with the Shoshones and Bannocks, and 1862 letter from Confederate captive H. Prince regarding his role in the Battle of Cedar Mountain, an 1866 photographic copy of the Grenville Dodge/Geo. T. Robinson "Map of the military district of Kansas and the territories," and W.J. Keeler’s "National map of the territory of the United States from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean" (1866).
Names Augur, Christopher Columbus (1821-1898); Sherman, William Tecumseh (1820-1891)
Places Texas, United States
Keywords army, armed forces, military, war, warfare, battle, soldiers, government, government relations, US Civil War, Indian War, Confederacy (CSA), spy
Theme Military Encounters: Conflicts, Rebellions and Alliances; American Indians and the US Government
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Great Plains
Additional Information

United States Army officer, 1821-1898. Born in New York in 1821, Christopher Columbus Augur graduated from West Point in 1843, in the same class as Ulysses S. Grant. He served in the Mexican War, and during the 1850s he saw service on the frontier. Promoted to Captain in 1852, he served with distinction in the campaign against Indians in Oregon in 1856. At the start of the Civil War, Augur was appointed Major in the 13th Infantry, and in November he was commissioned a Brigadier General of volunteers. In July 1862, he was assigned to a division under General Banks and was severely wounded in the Battle of Cedar Mountain. Rejoining his corps he took part in the Louisiana Campaign. At the siege of Port Hudson (1863) he distinguished himself for gallantry and was brevetted Brigadier General in the United States Army, also receiving brevet of Major General for services in the field during the rebellion. Augur’s significant post-war commands included the Department of the Platte (1867-1871) and the Department of Texas (1872-1875), where he was responsible for operations against Sioux, Cheyenne, Kiowa and Comanche. Also, Augur was administrator of the Department of the Gulf until July 1878, as well as the Departments of the South and the Missouri. He retired from the army in 1885. Augur was married to Jane Elizabeth Arnold and they had eleven children, two of whom also had military careers. Christopher Columbus Augur died in 1898.

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Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 3008
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue