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Title Creek Indians [manuscript]: substance of a "talk" between His Excellency Clement C. Clay, governor of the State of Alabama and Hopoethle Yoholo, Cheif [sic] of the Creek Nation...
Date
Document Type Manuscript; Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Unsigned ms., probably from Alabama of 1836, summarizing a talk held May 30, 1836 between Opothleyaholo, chief of the Creek Indians, and Clement C. Clay, governor of Alabama, concerning Creek land ownership. Chief Opothleyaholo reminds the governor that during a meeting in Washington in 1832, President Andrew Jackson guaranteed the Creek Indians five years before they had to choose between becoming subjects of the state of Alabama, or moving west beyond the Mississippi. The chief also explains recent Indian attacks on whites as retaliation for land swindles by white speculators. Opothleyaholo protests other abuses of the Indians by whites, such as selling them pistols, powder, and knives; making liquor easily available to them; and "settling" false claims against them by seizing their horses and their money, or by imprisoning them. The talk concludes with discussion of the possible emigration west of various Creek towns, such as Tuckabatchee, Tuskegee, Hatcheechubba, and Talladega.
Names Opothleyaholo (c.1798-1862); Clay, Clement Comer (1789-1866); Jackson, Andrew
Places Tuckabatchee, Tuskegee, Hatcheechubba, Talladega, Alabama, United States
Keywords council, governor, landowner, removal, chief, land speculation, hostility, weapon, liquor, alcohol, money, captivity, relocation, treaty, settlement, white settlers
Theme American Indians and the US Government; Military Encounters: Conflicts, Rebellions and Alliances
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Southeast
Additional Information FULL TITLE: Creek Indians [manuscript] : substance of a "talk" between His Excellency Clement C. Clay, governor of the State of Alabama and Hopoethle Yoholo, Cheif [sic] of the Creek Nation in the presence of the following officers Major Genl. Patteson, Colonels John B. Hogan, John A. Campbell, Albert J. Pickett, & James E. Belser; Judge Benson; Majors T.J. Abbott & Donegan and other gentlemen : together with the undermentiond chiefs of Tuckabatchie town Young-King, Little Doctor, Yarja Sich-e, Colonels Mad Blue, Mad Deer, Osooche Fixico or Hatchee chubba Tom [crossed out] and others : on the 30th May 1836.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 3217
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue