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Title Descripcion de la Provincia de Jucatan con informe de su govierno secular y eclesiastico, comercio, cultivo, amenidad, situacion f[inancie]ra [manuscript]
Date 12 Jul 1766
Document Type Manuscript
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Contemporary copy of a report of July 12, 1766 by the deputy visitor and the chief accountant for the province of Yucatán, containing an extensive description of the agriculture, commerce, industry, and tax system of the province. The report is most likely addressed to the visitor general of New Spain, José de Gálvez, by whom it was apparently commissioned at San Juan de Ulúa on August 14, 1765. The authors first describe the personnel and operations of the Yucatán treasuries of Campeche, Mérida, and Bacalar, providing details on the number of employees and their titles and job descriptions, as well as the revenues, organization, and accounting methods of each branch. They discuss the economic impact of the encomiendas and the major products of the area, such as corn, cotton, and beeswax. There is also a section on the character of the Indian and the criollo, and their contribution to the economy. The authors argue repeatedly that an open trade policy between Spain and the colonies is the key to their development, and would also put an end to the problem of smuggling in the Yucatán. Other topics covered include the economic justifications for engaging in the slave trade with Africa; the status of production of lumber, indigo, cochineal, and medicinal plants in the Yucatán; and the importance of the shipbuilding and fishing industries. Finally, the authors discuss the financial situation of churches, convents and religious orders in the province.
Names Gálvez, José de
Places Yucatán, Campeche, Mérida, Bacalar, Mexico
Keywords personal account, observation, agriculture, commerce, tax, governor, government, Spain, New Spain, colonialism, employment, money, payment, economy, crops, corn, custom, trade, business, slavery, timber, ship, health, supplies, goods, church, religion
Theme Indigenous Peoples of Mexico; American Indians and the European Powers; Trade and Indian Economies
Culture Area Mesoamerica
Language Spanish
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 1210
Catalogue Link https://i-share.carli.illinois.edu/nby/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?DB=local&v1=1&BBRecID=126432