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Title Diario de la expedicion que el infraescripto teniente coronel y comandante de la Provincia del Nuevo México practica de ella a la de Sonora a efecto de abrir transito para la comunicacion y comercio... [manuscript]
Author Anza, Juan Bautista de (1735-1788); Vildosola, Joseph Antonio
Date 18 Dec 1780; 31 Dec 1780
Document Type Diary
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Contemporary copy from around 1780 of the diaries of Juan Bautista de Anza and Joseph Antonio Vildosola, documenting the expeditions they led against the Apaches in the Mexican provinces of Sonora and New Mexico during November and December 1780. Anza and 150 men--regular soldiers, militamen and Indians--leave Santa Fe, New Mexico, on November 9, 1780 and march southwest to Sonora on a campaign to flush out hostile Apaches, and to open up the area to commerce and settlement. Although many Indians head up into the hills until the soldiers have passed, Anza’s raids are successful in killing and capturing numerous Apaches. The diary is signed by Anza in Arizpe, Mexico on December 18, 1780. With the diary is a cover letter, dated in Arizpe on December 31, 1780, to the governor and commandant general of the Provincias Internas, Teodoro de Croix, in which Anza assesses the results of the expedition. Also included is the diary of Joseph Antonio Vildosola, who commanded a similar expedition between November 7 and December 16, 1780. When the group arrives at the Nutrias presidio on December 16, they hand over their Apache captives, 6 men and 13 young boys, as well as confiscated horses. In his final recommendations, dated in Nutrias, December 17, 1780, Vildosola points out the need to have soldiers trained in Indian warfare and fast horses in order to be able to mount successful surprise attacks on the Apaches.
Names Croix, Teodoro de
Places Arizpe, Sonora, Mexico; Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States
Keywords expedition, travel, travelogue, personal account, observation, soldiers, Mexican, militia, hostility, commerce, white settlement, captive, horse, horse stealing, war, attack
Theme American Indians and the European Powers; American Indians and the European Powers; Trade and Indian Economies; Observation, Representation and Cultural Encounters
Tribe / Nation Apache
Culture Area Southwest, Mesoamerica
Language Spanish
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 1256
Catalogue Link https://i-share.carli.illinois.edu/nby/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?DB=local&v1=1&BBRecID=128064