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Title Documents concerning concessions and privileges granted to the Tlaxcalan Indians by the Spanish monarchs [manuscript] 1732-1808
Date 1732-1808
Document Type Official Record
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Copies and originals from 1732-1808 of petitions, proclamations, and cédulas reales relating to concessions and privileges granted to the Tlaxcalan Indians by the Spanish kings, in recognition of their services and loyalty. An undated petition requesting privileges for the Tlaxcalans describes how their assistance aided Cortés in his conquest of Mexico City and other provinces. Several of the documents are official 18th-century copies of cedulas from 1535-1585, issued by Queen Juana, her son Charles V, and Philip II, allowing the Tlaxcalans their own government and the right to a "gobernador" instead of an "alcalde," recognizing the loyalty of the caciques, and prohibiting the establishment of state monopoly stores of meat and wine in their province. A 1787 petition by the Tlaxcalans requests that their lands not be included in the intendencia system, while another from 1789 to the viceroy Flores details their grievances against the town of Puebla. There is also a proclamation of August 6, 1808, in which the Tlaxcalans express their loyalty and support of Ferdinand VII, engaged at that time in a war with the French. The last folder includes brief descriptions in English of the Tlaxcala documents by W.W. Blake.
Places Tlaxcala de Xicohténcatl, Mexico
Keywords history, conquistadors, colonialism, law, law and order, government, government relations, politics, New Spain, proclamation, Spain, Mexico, Mexican, indigenous peoples, viceroy
Theme Indigenous Peoples of Mexico; American Indians and the European Powers
Culture Area Mesoamerica
Language Spanish
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 1162
Catalogue Link https://i-share.carli.illinois.edu/nby/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?DB=local&v1=1&BBRecID=124989.