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Title Historia de las Indias [manuscript]: libro segundo
Author Casas, Bartolomé de las (1474-1566)
Date
Document Type Manuscript; Travel Journal
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: A copy, in secretarial hand, of the second of the three books comprising Las Casas’ monumental chronicle of the discovery, exploration, and colonization of America, describing events which took place between 1501 and 1510. Las Casas begins with the settlement of the island of Hispaniola, under the governor Bobadilla, and later, under fray Nicolás de Ovando, comendador de Lares, and discusses the conquest of other islands as well, such as Cuba and Puerto Rico. He documents the Spaniards’ vicious treatment and cruel massacres of the Indians, and attacks the system of repartimiento which forced the Indians to work as slaves in the mines and plantations. He also describes how the Spaniards, when faced with a dwindling Indian population on Hispaniola, brought in additional slaves from the Lucayo Islands. A substantial part of the second book deals with Christopher Columbus, and includes an account of his fourth voyage, as well as material on his mistreatment at the hands of officials in the Indies; his repeated requests to the Spanish Crown for compensation for his services; and finally, his death in 1506. The ms. contains a preface, dated November 1559 and signed by Las Casas, in which he requests that the rector of the Colegio de San Gregorio not allow the Historia to be read for 40 years, after which time it should be published for the good of the Indians and of Spain.
Names Columbus, Christopher; Ovando, Nicolás de (c.1451-1511); Bobadilla, Francisco de (d.1502)
Places United States; Cuba; Puerto Rico; Hispaniola; Dominican Republic; Haiti; Bahamas; Colegio de San Gregorio, Spain
Keywords personal account, expedition, discovery, travel, travelogue, history, colonialism, Spain, settlement, conquistadors, massacre, attack, battle, observation, slavery, mining, expenses, payment, Christopher Columbus, death
Theme Observation, Representation and Cultural Encounters
Culture Area Caribbean
Language Spanish
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 1057
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue