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|Title||Letter [manuscript]: [San Xavier del Bac?], to Padre Guardián Diego Jiménez, [Querétaro, Mexico?], [ca. 1776]|
|Author||Garcés, Francisco Tomás Hermenegildo (1738-1781)|
|Date||View date in the chronology|
|Document Type||Correspondence; Manuscript|
|Description||From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Contemporary copy in secretarial hand of a letter most likely written in 1776, from Father Garcés to Father Diego Jiménez, guardián of the Colegio de la Santa Cruz in Querétaro. Jiménez and Viceroy Bucareli requested Garcés to join the Anza expedition as far as the Colorado River and to explore the surrounding Indian territory. Garcés traveled from Tubac to the Gila River, and west to Yuma, Arizona. He explored the Colorado River south to the Gulf of California and north to Needles and Oraibe in Hopi territory, then headed west over the mountains to the San Joaquín Valley and the Gabriel mission. Garcés mentions that his diary is not yet ready to send, and so includes an abbreviated account of some of the highlights and findings of his journey from October 21, 1775 to September 17, 1776. He reports on the reception given to him by the various Indian tribes in the area of the Gila and Colorado Rivers, and indicates which ones he thought were ready to receive religious instruction. He comments throughout on the terrain, mentioning rivers and mountains, even observing the latitude of places visited using a quadrant and compass. He concludes by stressing the need to establish missions and presidios, not only to convert the Indians, but to open up communication between Sonora, the Colorado River area, and California.|
|Names||Jiménez, Diego; Bucareli, Viceroy|
|Places||Colorado River, Tubac, Gila River, Yuma, Arizona, Gulf of California, Needles, Oraibe, San Joaquín Valley, United States; Spain; Colegio de la Santa Cruz, Querétaro, Sonora, Mexico|
|Keywords||religion, church, expedition, territory, exploration, discovery, missionary, personal account, education, geographical survery, observation, Franciscans, Spain, Mexican|
|Theme||Observation, Representation and Cultural Encounters; Missionaries and Education|
|Tribe / Nation||Go to Tribes and Nations page|
|Culture Area||Southwest, Mesoamerica|
BOUND WITH: Letter [manuscript]: San Xavier del Bac, to Juan Bautista de Anssa, 1768 July 29 and Letters [manuscript]: San Xavier del Bac, to Juan de Pineda, 1768 July 29-1769 July 23 Newberry Library references Ayer MS 1093 and Ayer MS 1094.
Garcés was a Spanish Franciscan missionary and explorer of the Southwest. Garcés served as head of the mission of San Xavier del Bac, where, from 1768 to 1781, he lived among the Apaches, Yumas, Gilas, and Mojaves, working to convert them to Catholicism. He made many journeys into Indian territory to the west and north between 1768 and 1779. In 1781, Garcés was brutally murdered by Yuma Indians.
|Library||The Newberry Library|
|Copyright||The Newberry Library|
|Collection||The Edward E. Ayer Collection|
|Reference||VAULT box Ayer MS 1092|
|Catalogue Link||The Newberry Library Catalogue|