The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Title Letter [manuscript]: Anadarko, Ind. Ter., to the Director of the Smithsonian Institute [John Wesley Powell], Washington, D.C., 1887 Aug. 25
Author Hadley, Lewis Francis
Document Type Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: August 25, 1887, letter to J.W. Powell, head of the Smithsonian’s Bureau of American Ethnology, written on a folded sheet also containing the title page to the proof copy of Hadley’s 1887 work, A list of the primary gestures in Indian sign-talk. A separate proof of the title page is also enclosed.
Names Powell, John Wesley (1834-1902)
Places Indian Territory, Washington, D.C., United States
Keywords sign language, Bureau of Ethnology, anthropology, language, linguistics, observation
Theme Observation, Representation and Cultural Encounters
Culture Area Arctic, California, Great Basin, Great Plains, Northeast, Northwest Coast, Plateau, Southeast, Southwest, Subarctic
Additional Information Student of Indian languages. A life-long resident among the Indians, Lewis F. Hadley began to focus exclusively on Indian sign language after the issuance of an 1880 Smithsonian Bureau of Ethnology report on the subject. In 1887 he engraved 685 "crude diagrams" and produced nineteen proofs of the same for review by the Indians. These diagrams were later improved and incorporated into Hadley’s "Indian sign talk: being a book of proofs..." (Chicago: Baker & Co., 1893).
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 350
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue