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Title Letter [manuscript]: Prairie du Chien, W[isconsin] T[erritory], to D. P. Campbell, New York, [N.Y.], 1831 Apr. 17
Author Marsh, John (1799-1856)
Document Type Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: April 17, 1831, letter from John Marsh at Prairie du Chien, to D. P. Campbell, president of the Mississippi Land Company of New York, responding to an invitation by A. Lay (cartographer Amos Lay?) to assist the firm in its efforts to acquire the Carver tract (lands in Minnesota and Wisconsin supposed to have been granted to Jonathan Carver in 1767 by the Western Sioux). Citing his friendship with the Sioux, Marsh states that he would "concur in any endeavor ... beneficial to those Indians & no other". He then suggests that given the current Indian war, the government might be willing to extinguish the Sioux title to the Carver grant to provide a land buffer "for the purpose of maintaining the peace between the Sioux & Chippeways".
Names Campbell, D. P.; Lay, Amos (1765-1851); Carver, Jonathan (1710-1780)
Places Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, Minnesota, United States
Keywords land speculation, land tenure, landowner, war, government, Indian Agent
Theme American Indians and the US Government
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Northeast, Great Plains
Additional Information Marsh was an Indian agent, author, physician, and California pioneer. After graduating from Harvard in 1823, Marsh tutored officers’ children, studied medicine, and served as sub-agent to the Sioux at Fort St. Anthony, Minnesota. In 1826, Marsh was appointed sub-agent for Indian affairs at Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, a post he held until 1831, when his half-Sioux wife died. During the Black Hawk War, Marsh organized and led a band of Sioux, and later fled West to evade arrest for supplying arms to the Indians. He finally settled in California’s San Joaquin Valley, where he practised medicine and became a wealthy rancher.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 566
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue