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Title Letter [manuscript]: Santa Fe, to Juan Agustín Morfi, 1778 April 2.
Author Vélez de Escalante, Silvestre (d.1792)
Document Type Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Letter, signed and dated April 2, 1778, from Father Escalante in Santa Fe to Father Juan Agustín Morfi, containing Escalante’s research notes from Santa Fe archives on the 1680 rebellion of the Pueblo Indians of New Mexico and other historical events. Escalante has been sending notes from Santa Fe archives to Morfi, who is preparing a work entitled Descripción geográfica del Nuevo México, published in 1782. This letter describes the revolt of the Pueblo Indians--the Taos, Quenes, and Pecos--against the Spanish in 1680, and the attempts of Antonio de Otermín, then governor of New Mexico, to subdue the rebels. New Mexico was not retaken by the Spanish until 1692, under the command of Diego de Vargas, Zapata y Luxán Ponce de León. Escalante also includes some notes on Quivira, an imaginary city of riches; and points out that the white settlers resembling Spaniards, supposedly living across the Colorado River, were undoubtedly the Bearded Utes of whom he wrote in his journal of the 1776 expedition with Domínguez through the Great Basin.
Names Otermín, Antonio de; Morfi, Father, Juan Agustín; Vargas, Diego de
Places Quivira, Santa Fe, New Mexico, Colorado River, United States; Spain
Keywords rebellion, pueblo, history, geographical survey, Spain, colonial forces, colonialism, governor, observation
Theme Observation, Representation and Cultural Encounters
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Southwest, Great Basin
Language Spanish
Additional Information Escalante was a Spanish Franciscan missionary priest who came to New Spain in 1769. He served in various missions, and was head of the Zuni mission. In 1776-77, he and Father Francisco Domínguez led an expedition to open an overland trail from Santa Fe to Monterey. Although they never reached Monterey, they explored the Utah Basin and succeeded in crossing the Colorado River near Glen Canyon, which today lies beneath Lake Powell.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 1084
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue