The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Title Letter [manuscript]: War Dept., Washington, [D.C.], to Brvt. Brig. General E. A. Hitchcock, Comm. Pacific Division, 1851 May 3
Author United States. War Dept.; Conrad, Charles Magill (1804-1878)
Document Type Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: May 3, 1851, letter containing orders for the administration of the army’s Pacific Division, issued by Secretary of War C. M. Conrad to Brevet Brig. Gen. E. A. Hitchcock. Hitchcock was instructed to revise the whole system of defense and administration, selecting posts to protect California, Oregon, and Mexico against the depredations of Indians living within the division; to negotiate with the Indians in concert with commissioners then in California, and Oregon and California Indian superintendents and agents; to report on the adequacy of forces for the defense of the region; to reduce expenditures particularly in the quartermaster's and subsistence departments, and to execute General Order No. 1, probably regarding troop subsistence. The Secretary also allowed Hitchcock greater discretion in decision-making due to the time involved in communicating with the War Dept.
Names Hitchcock, Ethan Allen (1798-1870)
Places Washington, D.C., California, Oregon, United States; Mexico
Keywords army, commissioner, Indian Agent, agent, money, supplies, government, fort, hostility
Theme Military Encounters: Conflicts, Rebellions and Alliances
Culture Area California, Great Basin, Plateau, Northwest Coast, Southwest
Additional Information The Pacific Division, established in 1848 and consisting of the territories of California and Oregon, was under the command of E. A. Hitchcock, a West Point graduate, career army officer, and author, from July, 1851, to Feb., 1854. During his tenure, Brevet Brig. Gen. Hitchcock dealt with San Francisco vigilante groups, established new army posts, acted to quell Indian uprisings along California’s southern border with Mexico, and broke up William Walker’s filibustering expedition against Sonora, Mexico.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 3050
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue