The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Title Letters [manuscript]: 1739-1743
Author Sergeant, John (1710-1749)
Document Type Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Two letters written by John Sergeant from Housatonic and Stockbridge, Mass. to Stephen Williams on May 14, 1739 and Oct. 24, 1743. In the first letter, Sergeant describes a meeting with a Shawnee messenger named Annawauneekheek. The letter includes information on Shawnee social life and customs, their recent removal to parts of Pennsylvania, and Sergeant’s desire to visit them in order to introduce Christianity. In the second letter, Sergeant mentions a new method for the education of Indian children and his correspondence with Dr. Benjamin Colman, a prominent Boston clergyman.
Names Annawauneekheek; Williams, Stephen (1693-1782); Colman, Benjamin (1673-1747); Morse, Reverend
Places Housatonic, Susquehanna River, Stockbridge, New England, Massachusetts, United States
Keywords social life, custom, observation, personal account, removal, religion, Christianity, missionary, education, alcohol, money
Theme Missionaries and Education; Observation, Representation and Cultural Encounters
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Northeast
Additional Information

Includes transcripts of both letters and the transcript of a third letter from Sergeant to Reverend Morse regarding his financial situation, relations with the Oneidas and legislation on the sale of alcohol to Indians.

Stephen Williams (1693-1782), Congregational clergyman, was born in Deerfield, Mass. Williams played an important role in establishing the Stockbridge mission to the Housatonic Indians in western Massachusetts in 1734 and in securing the services of the Rev. John Sergeant as its first minister. Sergeant commenced to educate and christianize the Indians until his death in 1749.

Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 800
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue