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Title Letters [manuscript]: Fort Stansbury, [Fla.], and Jefferson Barracks, Mo., to Samuel Hitchcock, Burlington, Vt., 1843 Jan. 15 - Sept. 20
Author Hitchcock, Ethan Allen (1798-1870)
Date
Document Type Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Two letters from Hitchcock, written from Fort Stansbury (Jan. 15, 1842) and Jefferson Barracks (Sept. 20, 1843) to his younger brother, Samuel Hitchcock, regarding his recently concluded Florida expedition and philosophical studies. The Fort Stansbury letter describes Hitchcock’s successful negotiations with the "Ocklocknees" and speculates on what recognition might be forthcoming from his superior officers, Gens. Worth and Scott. The Jefferson Barracks letter considers philosophical questions and requests various translations and reference works.
Names Hitchcock, Samuel (1808-1851); Pascofa; Scott, Winfield (1786-1866); Worth, William Jenkins (1794-1849)
Places Fort Stansbury, Florida, Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, United States
Keywords army, war, soldiers, fort, armed forces, military, education, expedition, negotiation, peace, Indian removal
Theme Military Encounters: Conflicts, Rebellions and Alliances; American Indians and the US Government
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Southeast
Additional Information Career army officer and author. An 1817 U.S. Military Academy graduate born in Vergennes, Vt., Hitchcock served with distinction in various military assignments prior to his Jan., 1842, appointment as lieut. col. of the 3rd Infantry. Stationed at Fort Stansbury, Fla., Hitchcock was ordered in the fall of 1842 to reopen the Seminole War and to pursue, capture, and destroy the remnants of a fugitive Creek Indian band headed by the chief Pascofa. Exercising his belief that friendly negotiation was more effective than hostilities, Hitchcock dismissed two local volunteer companies and convinced the chief and his band to leave peaceably for Arkansas. Throughout his long army career, Hitchcock also studied philosophy, alchemy, and literature, and published several works on those topics.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 3094
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue