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Title Letters [manuscript]: Reserve, Wis.[?], and Matotee Lodge, Desbarats, Ont., to H. M. Hitchcock, Minneapolis, Minn., 1927-1935
Author Eastman, Charles Alexander [Ohiyesa] (1858-1939)
Document Type Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Four letters written by Eastman to H. M. Hitchcock of Minneapolis, Minn., 1927-1935, regarding Eastman’s family history, accomplishments, and historical research. The lives of Mary Nancy Eastman (mother), Seth Eastman (grandfather), and Cloudman (great-grandfather [an Mdewakanton]) are discussed in the 1927 letter, which also mentions other family members and a portrait of his mother in the Ayer Collection at the Newberry Library. In later letters, Eastman includes additional biographical information for Hitchcock’s article on his life; he also discusses his research on French explorers who had contact with the Sioux and his completion of a manuscript on the Sioux creation legend.
Names Hitchcock, Hiram M.; Eastman, Mary Nancy (d.1858); Eastman, Seth (1808-1875); Cloudman; Mayer, Frank Blackwell (1827-1899)
Places Minneapolis, Minnesota, Reserve, Wisconsin, United States; Desbarats, Ontario, Canada
Keywords family life, exploration, France, mythology, legend, literature, art
Theme Observation, Representation and Cultural Encounters
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Northeast, Great Plains
Additional Information Mixed Mdewakanton Sioux physician, writer and lecturer on Indian topics, and government employee. Born in 1858 in Minnesota of Jacob Eastman (Many Lightnings) and his mixed-blood wife, Mary Nancy Eastman, the daughter of painter Seth Eastman, Charles Alexander Eastman (Ohiyesa) was raised in what is now North Dakota as a traditional Sioux, and later graduated from Dartmouth College (1887) and the Boston University School of Medicine (1890). He had a varied career, including government service as a physician at the Pine Ridge Agency, 1890-1893, and Crow Creek Reservation, 1900-1903, reviser of the Sioux allotment roll, 1903-1909, and Indian inspector, 1923-1925. Eastman also established numerous Indian YWCA groups, helped to found the Boy Scouts of America, wrote numerous articles and books, including several autobiographical volumes, and lectured extensively on Indian culture and civilization.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 3064
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue