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Title Notes on Waldeck’s Indian pictorial manuscripts [manuscript]: [between 1840 and 1850]
Author Ternaux-Compans, Henri (1807-1864)
Document Type Manuscript
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Signed notes on Waldeck’s Indian pictorial mss. in the hand of Henri Ternaux-Compans, probably from France around 1840, following Waldeck’s return from Mexico in 1837, describing the historical and genealogical themes of the mss., and confirming their authenticity and value. The notes, possibly addressed to a curator or conservator, Monsieur Longperrier [?], appraise the authenticity of the mss. by comparing the action of the scenes with the descriptions of events offered by Alva Ixtlilxochitl in his history of the Chichimecas. Ternaux-Compans goes so far as to suppose that the ms. once belonged to Ixtlilxochitl, as it was described by Boturini. The pictorial mss. numbered 118 and 119 by Waldeck, depict Xolotl, first king of the Chichimecas, on his throne. The chiefs of three tribes--Acolhuatzin of the Tepaneques, Chiconquauktli of the Otomitas, and Tzontecomatl of the Aculhuas--approach Xolotl, asking for land. He grants them their wish, and in addition, gives his two daughters in marriage to Acolhuatzin and Ciconquaktli. Mss. 120-122 are both genealogical and testamentary, documenting the division of property--important more for what they tell us about the well-regulated laws of the Mexicans. No. 123 depicts the capture of Azcapotzalco, and the death of Maztlaton, and nos. 124 and 125 are a property map and calendar, respectively. Finally, no. 126 relates the history of the Mexicans from 1323 to 1590. Ternaux-Compans notes that in addition to these originals, Waldeck’s collection includes many facsimiles, all of which contribute to a greater understanding of the ancient civilizations of the New World.
Names Waldeck, Frédéric de (1766-1875); Longperrier[?], Monsieur; Ixtlilxochitl, Alva; Xolotl; Acolhuatzin; Chiconquauktli; Tzontecomatl
Places Mexico
Keywords art, Mexican, France, land grant, custom, observation, culture, history
Theme Indigenous Peoples of Mexico; Observation, Representation and Cultural Encounters
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Mesoamerica
Language French
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 880
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue