The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via www.amdigital.co.uk

Title Relación delas dos entradas que hize ala conversión de los gentiles Itzaex y Cehachez [manuscript]: yo Fr. Andres de Avendaño y Loiola predicador conventual del convto. grande de Mérida…
Author Avendano y Loyola, Andres de
Date
Document Type Manuscript
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Manuscript copy of Avendano’s account, dated April 29, 1696, of his two trips to the Yucatán and Guatemala during 1695-1696. Avendano, Father Perez de San Roman, and a large group of Spanish and Indian musketeers leave Mérida on June 2, 1695, and begin their journey south, for the purpose of converting the Itza Indians, and opening a highway route between the Yucatán and Guatemala. The first expedition returns to Mérida on September 16, 1695 because of problems with the soldiers who persisted in shooting and robbing the Indians. After receiving word in December 1695 that the Itzas were now ready to receive Christianity, a second expedition, led by Avendano, and Fathers Perez, Jesús María, and Echavarria, follows the same route south to the province of Petén in Guatemala. Avendano describes the nature of the Indians, their social life, religion, and calendar. He also mentions the problems that the priests face from the soldiers in their own party, from hostile Itza chiefs, and from difficult terrain and lack of food. After a miraculous rescue from near death, Avendano returns to Mérida on April 6, 1696.
Places Petén, Guatemala; Mérida, Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico
Keywords conquistadors, missionary, social life, custom, culture, religion, tradition, travel, Christianity, soldiers, crime, Franciscans, Mexico, Mexican
Theme Indigenous Peoples of Mexico; American Indians and the European Powers; Missionaries and Education
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Mesoamerica
Language Spanish
Additional Information

FULL TITLE: Relación delas dos entradas que hize ala conversión de los gentiles Itzaex y Cehachez [manuscript]: yo Fr. Andres de Avendaño y Loiola predicador conventual del convto. grande de Mérida, ministro de la be. orden terza de penitenza, y comisso. missiono. app[ostóli]co pa. dhas missiones en conpañia de mis pp. y preres. Fr. Anto. Perez de S. Roman, notaro. appco. del primer viaje; Fr. Joseph de Jesús María notaro. appco. del segundo viaje y Fr. Diego de Echabarría, la qual prima. entrada hicimos el día 2 de juno. del año pasado de 1695, y la segunda en que entramos en la nazión de los Itazex fue a 13 de dize. de dho año y volvimos a esta ciudad de Mérida el día de abril deste año de 1696.

Born in Spain, Avendano later settled in the Yucatán, where he achieved preeminence in the Franciscan order there. He wrote several linguistic works (none of which was ever published), including an extensive Mayan dictionary and a study of medical botany. Excerpts from his Relación de las dos entradas were published in Madrid in 1701, as part of Villagutierre’s Historia de la conquista de la provincia de el Itza.

Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 1040
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue