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Title Report and letter [manuscript]: 1814-1831
Author Ross, John (1790-1866)
Date
Document Type Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Casualty report (March?, 1814) written shortly after the battle at Horseshoe Bend and letter (Jan. 13, 1831) to Congressman David Crockett, regarding the lack of federal protection in the face of Georgia’s usurpation of Cherokee lands and liberties. Ross’ report lists casualties by company, notes the severity of injuries, and totals the number of killed and wounded. His letter to Crockett expresses the hope that the present Congress would relieve the Cherokee’s sufferings and views the Indian policy of President Andrew Jackson as "unrelenting and in effect ruinous".
Names Crockett, Davy (1786-1836); Jackson, Andrew (1767-1845); Morgan, Gideon
Places Georgia, Alabama, United States
Keywords battle, land cession, government relations, politics, army, armed forces, soldiers, Congress of the United States, Creek War, bill, law, dispossession of Indians, territory, liberty
Theme Military Encounters: Conflicts, Rebellions and Alliances
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Southeast
Additional Information Ross was a Cherokee chief. During the 1813-1814 Creek War, he served as adjutant of Gideon Morgan’s Cherokee regiment, which fought with Andrew Jackson’s militia and regulars against the Creeks at Horseshoe Bend and elsewhere. In a long public career, Ross served on the Cherokee national council (1817-1829, president 1819-1829); as chief of the eastern Cherokee (1828-1839); and as chief of the united Cherokee Nation (1839-1866). Ross led Cherokee efforts to resist Georgia’s encroachment on Cherokee lands and federal efforts to move the tribe to lands west of the Mississippi.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 781
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue