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Title Treaty with the Pen-e-tegh-ca Band of the Ne-um, Wich-i-tas, Ca-do-Ha-da-chos, Hue-cos, etc. ... [manuscript]: Albert Pike, Commissioner of the Confederate States to the Indian Nations west of Arkansas, 1861 Aug. 12.
Document Type Treaty
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Treaty of alliance, Aug. 12, 1861, between the Confederate States of America and plains tribes ("Pen-e-tegh-ta Band of the Ne-um or Comanches, and the tribes and bands of the Wichitas, Cado-Ha-da-chos, Hue-cos, Ta-hua-ca-ros, A-na-dagh-cos, Ton-ca-wes, Ai-o-nais, Ki-chais, Shawnees and Delawares") residing near the Wichita Agency on reservation lands leased from the Choctaws and Chickasaws. The treaty placed the Indians under the laws of the Confederate government and promised protection in return. Other provisions concerned reservation lands, personal property, inter-tribal relations, war, trade and theft. The Confederates also promised to supply provisions and farming implements, buildings, an agent, interpreters, guns, etc., and encouraged the tribes and bands to settle on their reservation lands, "prepare to support themselves, and live in peace and quietness." Treaty is signed by Albert Pike and other Confederate representatives; it contains the names of the signing chiefs and headmen, their affiliations, and what appear to be transcriptions of their marks. A list of the goods agreed to be furnished annually is also appended as "Schedule A."
Places Oklahoma, United States
Keywords treaty, negotiation, government, government relations, Confederacy (CSA), US Civil War
Theme American Indians and the US Government
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Great Plains, Northeast, Southeast
Additional Information In 1861, the new Confederate government, recognizing the strategic necessity of alliances with the western Indian tribes, appointed Albert Pike, an Arkansas lawyer and writer, as commissioner to the Indian nations west of Arkansas and south of Kansas. Pike was to negotiate treaties with the various tribes and bands residing in Indian Territory; this he accomplished July 10-Oct. 7, 1861.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 438
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue