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Title Voyage de Williamsburg en Virginie Amerique septentrionale à Charlotte-ville, Natural Bridge, Peter’sburg, Richemond &a. [manuscript]: 1782
Author Jean, Marquis de Chastellux, François (1734-1788)
Date
Document Type Diary; Travel Journal
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Travel journal of the Marquis de Chastellux, dated 1782, describing his travels between April 8 and May 1, 1782 through Williamsburg, Charlottesville, Petersburg, Natural Bridge, Richmond and other towns in the state of Virginia. Chastellux leaves Williamsburg for Charlottesville on April 8, and begins describing the county courthouses they pass, including New Kent, Hanover, Louisa, and Cumberland courthouses; and the taverns where they stay, such as Willis’s, Boswell’s, Macdonald’s, Mrs. Tease’s, Praxton’s, and Grisby’s. He includes comments on and descriptions of native birds and animals, such as the mocking bird, humming bird, pheasant, wild turkey, mountain rat (monax), sturgeon, stag, and wolf, and also comments about local issues such as the Virginian’s love of cock-fighting, and the proper meaning of the term "people" in America. Throughout the journal he listens to the local people reminisce about the Revolutionary War, and records their battle stories and anecdotes. Also included are the marquis’ impressions of famous people he dines with along the way, such as the uncle to General Nelson, Thomas Jefferson, Marquis de la Rouerie, Mrs. Bowling, whose daughter-in-law is a descendant of Princess Pocahontas, and General Bull of the Carolina militia. In closing, he offers his observations on the nature of the Virginians, as it was influenced by their history, their inherited aristocratic principles and prejudices, and their use of slaves; and compares them to the Europeans who settled in New England. Finally, he concludes with a complimentary portrait of the College of William and Mary, from which he has received a Doctor of Laws degree.
Names Jefferson, Thomas (1743-1826); Tuffin, Charles Armand (1751-1793); Pocahontas (c.1595-1617)
Places Williamsburg, Charlottesville, Petersburg, Natural Bridge, Richmond, New Kent, Hanover, Louisa, Cumberland, College of William and Mary, Virginia, United States
Keywords travel, travelogue, animal, wildlife, social life, recreation, US War of Independence, slavery, journey, account
Theme Observation, Representation and Cultural Encounters
Language French
Additional Information

Watermark contains the name "J. Kool."

Published in English as Travels in North-America, in the years 1780, 1781, and 1782 by the Marquis de Chastellux. London: Printed for G.G.J. and J. Robinson, Pater-Noster Row, 1787.

Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 154
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue