Indigenous Peoples of Mexico

The documents relating to the Indigenous peoples of Mexico represent some of the earliest in the Edward E. Ayer collection as the arrival of the Spanish in Mesoamerica issued a wealth of material. These took the form of orders, cedulas (or royal decrees), correspondence and accounts of discoveries. Carta tercera de relacion, for example, is a 1522 letter from Cortés to the Spanish king detailing the conquest and recovery of the Aztec capital of Temixtitan (now Mexico City), while Documents concerning concessions and privileges granted to the Tlaxcalan Indians by the Spanish monarchs, is an item that contains cedulas from 1535 and describes how the natives’ assistance aided Cortés in his conquest of Mexico City.

Abstract of Petition of Juan Velázquez de Salazar [manuscript]: Madrid, 1578 1578-c.1890 Manuscript
Account by Father Morfi of his expedition to the Provincias Internas [manuscript]: 1777 Aug. 4-1778 Nov. 9 04 Aug 1777 - 09 Nov 1778 Travel Journal; Diary
Annual reports of the Jesuits in New Spain for 1615-1617 [manuscript]: 1616 May 1-[1618] 01 May 1616; 18 May 1617; 1618 Manuscript; Official Record
Beschreibung der Ueberreste Aztekischer Niederlassungen auf ihrer Wanderung nach dem Thale von Mexico durch den gegenwärtigen Freistaat von Zacatecas [manuscript] 1832-1855 Manuscript Aztec
Breve descripción y relacion dela parte mas util y digna de atencion de esta America, en la gobernacion de Sonora y de las misiones que en esta remota provincia administran los PP. Misioneros del Colegio de Propaganda Fide de ls Santa Cruz de Queretaro [manuscript] 02 Apr 1772 Official Record; Correspondence
Brief account of a judicial inquiry into the case of doña Ana, accused of using witchcraft to persuade her Indian lover, don Andrés, to marry her [manuscript]: [between 1530 and 1549] c.1530-c.1549 Manuscript
[Calendar wheel] [art original] 1780-1831 Manuscript; Art
Carta de relacion [manuscript]; Carta tercera de relacion; Memorial dado a la Magestad del Cesar dn. Carlos Quinto 1700 Correspondence; Manuscript Aztec
Carta tercera de relacion [manuscript] 1526 Correspondence; Manuscript Aztec
Carte de la défense de Mexico contre l'attaque du Major Général Scott en 1847: pour servir à l'intelligence des operations militaires de l'armée française en 1863 1863 Map
Catalogue des dessins [manuscript]: Mexico, 1829 June-1831 October June 1829 - October 1831 Manuscript Maya; Aztec
Cédula containing ordinances regulating repartimientos, tax collection, and the treatment of Indians in New Spain [manuscript]: 1543 May 26 26 May 1543 Official Record
Codex Cempoallan [manuscript] c.1720 Manuscript; Art Aztec
[Codex Tepotzotlán] [manuscript] 1720 Manuscript; Art Aztec
[A collection of Waldeck's original artwork of Mesoamerica, Box 1 of 22] c.1831 Art
[A collection of Waldeck's original artwork of Mesoamerica, Box 10 of 22] c.1831 Art
[A collection of Waldeck's original artwork of Mesoamerica, Box 11 of 22] c.1831 Art
[A collection of Waldeck's original artwork of Mesoamerica, Box 12 of 22] c.1831 Art
[A collection of Waldeck's original artwork of Mesoamerica, Box 13 of 22] c.1831 Art
[A collection of Waldeck's original artwork of Mesoamerica, Box 14 of 22] c.1831 Art
[A collection of Waldeck's original artwork of Mesoamerica, Box 15 of 22] c.1831 Art
[A collection of Waldeck's original artwork of Mesoamerica, Box 16 of 22] c.1831 Art
[A collection of Waldeck's original artwork of Mesoamerica, Box 17 of 22] c.1831 Art
[A collection of Waldeck's original artwork of Mesoamerica, Box 18 of 22] c.1831 Art
[A collection of Waldeck's original artwork of Mesoamerica, Box 19 of 22] c.1831 Art
[A collection of Waldeck's original artwork of Mesoamerica, Box 2 of 22] c.1831 Art
[A collection of Waldeck's original artwork of Mesoamerica, Box 20 of 22] c.1831 Art
[A collection of Waldeck's original artwork of Mesoamerica, Box 21 of 22] c.1831 Art
[A collection of Waldeck's original artwork of Mesoamerica, Box 22 of 22] c.1831 Art
[A collection of Waldeck's original artwork of Mesoamerica, Box 3 of 22] c.1831 Art
[A collection of Waldeck's original artwork of Mesoamerica, Box 4 of 22] c.1831 Art
[A collection of Waldeck's original artwork of Mesoamerica, Box 5 of 22] c.1831 Art
[A collection of Waldeck's original artwork of Mesoamerica, Box 6 of 22] c.1831 Art
[A collection of Waldeck's original artwork of Mesoamerica, Box 7 of 22] c.1831 Art
[A collection of Waldeck's original artwork of Mesoamerica, Box 8 of 22] c.1831 Art
[A collection of Waldeck's original artwork of Mesoamerica, Box 9 of 22] c.1831 Art
Compendio historico de las navegaciones practicadas por oficiales, y pilotos en buques de la Real Armada, sobre las costas septentrionales de las Californias [manuscript]… 1799 Manuscript Nootka
[Conquest of Azcapotzalco] [art original] 1780-1831 Manuscript; Art
Conquista del reino de Nueva Galicia en la América septentrional [manuscript]: fundacion de su capital ciudad de Guadalajara sus progresos politicos y militares... c.1800 - c.1900 Manuscript
Copia de una carta que el P[adre] Francisco María Piccolo misionero de California escribió al P[adre] Juan Manuel de Bassaldua Rector del Colegio de Raum... [manuscript] 13 Nov 1716; 10 Jan 1717 Correspondence
Copia del manifiesto que presentó Dn. Tomás Southuel â la Superioridad en el año de 1769 [manuscript]: proponiendo el establecimiento de pescas en las sondas de las Indias Occidentales ê Yslas... 08 Feb 1783 Manuscript
Copies of documents relating to a debate over the legitimacy of a ritual dance performed by the Mexican Indians before a statue of Saint Gonçalo de Amarante in Mexico City [manuscript] 24 Feb 1816 - 22 Mar 1816 Correspondence; Official Record; Manuscript
Corografia de las misiones, que administran los misioneros del Colegio Apostolico de propaganda fide de la S[an]ta Cruz de Queretaro, in la provincia de Sonora, con los paises de las naciones gentiles, que tienen acia norte, y poniente 1700s; c.1980 Map Tohono O'odham (Papago); Apache; Colorado River; Yuma (Quechan)
Curiosidades aztecas [manuscript] 1881 Art Aztec
Descripcion de la Provincia de Jucatan con informe de su govierno secular y eclesiastico, comercio, cultivo, amenidad, situacion f[inancie]ra [manuscript] 12 Jul 1766 Manuscript
Diario para los puertos de Sn. Diego y Monte Rey por tierra, que para maior honrra y gloria de Dios, y conversion de los infieles a nra. sta. fee catholica emprehendio dho. R.P. Presidte. Fr. Junipero Serra... [manuscript] 28 Mar 1769 - 30 Jun 1769 Diary; Travel Journal
Disertación sobre las lenguas zapoteca, chinanteca, mixe y trike y comparación con el zoke y el misteco... [manuscript] 1891 Manuscript
[Document concerning property of Pedronilla Francisca and Constantino San Felipe] [art original] 1576 Manuscript; Art
[Document relating to the descendants of Don Miguel Damián] [art original] 1576 Manuscript; Art
Documents concerning concessions and privileges granted to the Tlaxcalan Indians by the Spanish monarchs [manuscript] 1732-1808 1732-1808 Official Record
Documents concerning the petition of the residents of Malinalco to rebuild their chapel, Capilla del Calvario [manuscript]: 1752 Nov. 8-Dec. 16 08 Nov 1752 - 16 Dec 1752 Manuscript; Official Record; Correspondence
Documents concerning a petition to establish a Capuchin convent in the parish of San Mateo Jalatlaco [manuscript]: 1743-1789 1743-1789 Manuscript
Documents concerning the proposal to establish a Capuchin convent in Dolores [manuscript]: 1809 Jan. 21-1810 April 9 21 Jan 1809 - 09 Apr 1810 Manuscript; Correspondence
Documents concerning protests by Indians against the construction of two churches in Zacatlán [manuscript]: 1750 Oct. 20-1753 March 24 20 Oct 1750 - 25 March 1753 Manuscript; Official Record; Correspondence
Documents pertaining to cases heard in the Real Audiencia of Mexico [manuscript]: 1663-1722 1663-1722 Official Record; Correspondence
Documents pertaining to community affairs of Cuitlahuac, Tlalmanalco de Velázquez, and Tláhuac in the province of Chalco [manuscript] 1551-1858 [Volume 1] 1551-1858 Manuscript; Official Record Aztec
Documents pertaining to community affairs of Cuitlahuac, Tlalmanalco de Velázquez, and Tláhuac in the province of Chalco [manuscript] 1551-1858 [Volume 2] 1551-1858 Manuscript; Official Record Aztec
Documents pertaining to the Hacienda de Santa Inés, property of the Jesuits of the Colegio de Tepotztlán [manuscript] 1567-1745 1567-1745 Official Record; Manuscript
Documents pertaining to property in Teocaltitlán and San Pedro de Calimaya [manuscript] 1678-1781 1678-1781 Manuscript; Official Record Aztec
Fragmentos de la Historia de Tlaxcala de Diego Muñoz Camargo [manuscript] 1852 Manuscript Aztec
[Genealogy of Pedronilla and Juliana] [art original] 1576 Manuscript; Art
General history of the deeds of the Castilians in the islands and continent of the (western) ocean [manuscript]… [1 of 6] 1880 Manuscript Aztec
General history of the deeds of the Castilians in the islands and continent of the (western) ocean [manuscript]… [2 of 6] 1880 Manuscript Aztec
General history of the deeds of the Castilians in the islands and continent of the (western) ocean [manuscript]… [3 of 6] 1880 Manuscript Aztec
General history of the deeds of the Castilians in the islands and continent of the (western) ocean [manuscript]… [4 of 6] 1880 Manuscript Aztec
General history of the deeds of the Castilians in the islands and continent of the (western) ocean [manuscript]… [5 of 6] 1880 Manuscript Aztec
General history of the deeds of the Castilians in the islands and continent of the (western) ocean [manuscript]… [6 of 6] 1880 Manuscript Aztec
Glimpses of Indian America; illustrating present-day life in Mexico and parts of Central and South America c.1923 Printed Book
Gramatica othomi [manuscript] 1747 Manuscript
Histoire du Mexique par figures [manuscript] c.1800 Manuscript Aztec
Informe de Dn. Eusebio Bentura Beleña al Exmo. Sor. virrey Marques de Croix [manuscript]: con descripción delas provincias de Sonora y Cinaloa, parajes donde se cobra el tributo, fundamentos legales para su exacción, repartimiento de tierras, y otros various puntos... 1770 Manuscript; Official Record Maya
Journal de notes no. 1 [manuscript]: relevées des différens ouvrages que j’ai le temps de lire entre mes autres occupations. par renvoy de numéro 1860-1866 Manuscript Maya; Aztec
Journal de poche de Natchan [manuscript]: J.F. Waldeck: nottes [sic] de théogonie azteque et variété d’autres, pour servir en voyage. Palenque. No. 24 (Treis) 1832-1853 Manuscript Maya; Aztec
Journal et nottes [sic] du voyage aux ruines del Palenque [manuscript] 1832-1836 Manuscript; Travel Journal Maya; Aztec
Journal recounting Indian uprisings in Baja California [manuscript]: 1734-1737 1734-1737 Diary Yaqui
Journals [manuscript]: England and Mexico, 1825-1829 1825-1829 Diary; Travel Journal Maya; Aztec
Journals [manuscript]: West Indies and Mexico, 1824 Feb. 27-1834 Aug. 26 27 Feb 1824 - 26 Aug 1832 Travel Journal; Diary Yaqui
La aparición de Ntra. Señora de Guadalupe de México: comprobada con la refutación del argumento negativo que presenta D. Juan Bautista Muñoz, fundandose en el testimonio del P. Fr. Bernardino Sahagun… 1840 Printed Book
Letter [manuscript]: Chiguagua [San Felipe del Real, Mexico], to Joseph de Galvez, 1777 Oct. 26 26 Oct 1777 Correspondence Apache; Comanche
Letter [manuscript]: San Phelipe el Real de Chiguagua [San Felipe del Real, Mexico], to Charles III, 1777 Oct. 26 26 Oct 1777 Correspondence Apache
[Manuscritos en mexicano] [manuscript] 1580-1856 1580-1856 Manuscript; Official Record Aztec
[Map of the Coxcatlan region in southeastern Mexico, 1580] [cartographic material]. Map
[Map of irrigated lands adjacent to the Hacienda de Santa Ines (Mexico)] [cartographic material] c.1550 Map
[Map of lands in the Tultepec and Jaltocán regions adjacent to the Hacienda de Santa Inés (Mexico)] [cartographic material] 1569 Map
[Map of the Temascaltepec region in Mexico] [cartographic material] 1560 Manuscript; Map
[Map of Teotihuacán, Mexico] [cartographic material] 1560 Manuscript; Map
[Map of unidentified place, probably in central Mexico] [cartographic material] c.1500 Map
Memoir of a tour to northern Mexico, connected with Col. Doniphan’s expedition, in 1846 and 1847 1848 Printed Book; Official Record
Mexican rule in California 1824-1848: paper read before the Badger Club, Los Angeles, March 3rd 1909: typescript, [1909] / by H.C. Dillon, Esq 03 Mar 1909 Manuscript
Mexican watercolors c.1909 Art Maya
[Nahuatl land ownership map of property in the Teocaltitlán barrio of Mexico City] [cartographic material] 1678-1781 Map
[Notes and explanatory text for Catherwood's artwork on ancient monuments in Central America] c.1844 Printed Book; Art
Notes et traditions no. 2 [manuscript]: recueillies d’apres les auteurs Espagnoles et indigenes de l’Amérique Centrale, sur l’origine de sa première civilisation... 1864-1867 Manuscript Maya; Aztec
Notes on Waldeck’s Indian pictorial manuscripts [manuscript]: [between 1840 and 1850] 1840-1850 Manuscript Aztec
Noticia breve de la expedicion militar de Sonora y Cinaloa, su exito feliz, y ventajoso estado en que por consecuencia de ella se han puesto ambas provincias [manuscript] 1771 Manuscript Apache
Nottes [sic] sur différens points qui dépendent de mon ouvrage de Mexico [manuscript]: et de continuation de mes recherches a mon départ pour le Yucatan 1834 1834-1837 Manuscript Maya; Aztec; Toltec
Ordenanças hechas por el sr. visorrey don Antonio de Mendoça sobre las minas de la Nueva España... [manuscript] 1550 Official Record
Original watercolor sketches of the native clothing of North and South Americans [graphic] 1850 Art
Papers [manuscript]: pertaining to the history and antiquities of Chiapas, Mexico, 1897-1909 [1 of 4] 1897-1909 Manuscript; Correspondence
Papers [manuscript]: pertaining to the history and antiquities of Chiapas, Mexico, 1897-1909 [2 of 4] 1897-1909 Manuscript; Correspondence
Papers [manuscript]: pertaining to the history and antiquities of Chiapas, Mexico, 1897-1909 [3 of 4] 1897-1909 Manuscript; Correspondence
Papers [manuscript]: pertaining to the history and antiquities of Chiapas, Mexico, 1897-1909 [4 of 4] 1897-1909 Manuscript; Correspondence
Paradigma apologetico que desea persuadir ingenuo, escribiendo desapassionado la noti[ci]a de la huasteca a los VV. Sacerdotes que pueden cultivarla [manuscript]: descripcion de su paiz, y demonstracion evidente de la vanidad de el horror, que se le tiene 1746 Manuscript Maya
Petition [manuscript]: [San Felipe del Real, Mexico?], to Charles III, [1777 Oct. 26?] 26 Oct 1777 Correspondence Apache; Comanche
[Photographs of Mexico] 1883 Photograph; Art
Pintura del beneficio dela grana cochinilla en Mexico [manuscript]: [ca. 1775] 1775 Art
Plano del distrito de Tulancingo en el estado de Mexico 1843 Map
Praeclara Ferdinadi Cortesii de Noua maris Oceani Hyspania narratio... Carolo Romanoru imperatori... M.D. XX transmissa... per Petru Saguorgnanu [sic] ex Hyspano idiomate in Latinu versa anno Dni, M.D. XXIIII Kl. Martii. [Explicit secunda Ferdinandi Cortesii Narratio... 1524 Map
Recommendations of Father Morfi concerning pacification and settlement of New Mexico [manuscript]: [between 1776 and 1778] 1776-1778 Manuscript Apache; Comanche
Register of viceregal orders issued between May 7, 1552 and December 2, 1553 [manuscript] 07 May 1552 - 02 Dec 1553; 02 Sep 1778 Official Record
Relacion del biaxe dela California, hecho por el cappn. Francisco de Horttega cabo dela fregatta nombrada la Madre Luissa de la Ascención y el cappn. Esteban Carbonel, piloto deella y deel dho. viaje. Este año de 1632 [manuscript] 1632 Travel Journal
Relación delas dos entradas que hize ala conversión de los gentiles Itzaex y Cehachez [manuscript]: yo Fr. Andres de Avendaño y Loiola predicador conventual del convto. grande de Mérida… 1696 Manuscript Maya
Relaciones historicas [manuscript]: de Don Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxochitl interprete del supremo govierno de esta Nueva España... 1755 Manuscript Toltec; Aztec
Report containing suggestions for revising the project to drain the lagoons around Huehuetoca in the Valley of Mexico [manuscript]: [ca. 1654] 18 Jul 1654; 1654 Manuscript; Correspondence
Report of the voyage of Captain Francisco de Lucenilla to the Californias in 1668 [manuscript] 29 Apr 1668 - 04 Jul 1668 Manuscript; Travel Journal
Resumen d[e] numero d[e] person[a]s que se conpone esta jurisdic[cio]n X[ala]pa, i su agreg[acíon]a la Jatlazin[g]o con especif[icació]n d[e] pueb[lo]s cast[o]s i sex[o]s seg[ú]n or[ige]n [manuscript] 15 Dec 1777 Manuscript
Royal cédula [manuscript]: Madrid, to the Real Audiencia of New Spain in Mexico City, concerning the corn paid by the Indians as taxes, 1576 June 4 04 Jun 1576; 11 Nov 1577 Manuscript; Correspondence
[San Blas, Mexico in 1769] 1769; c.1908 Map
Sketchbook [manuscript]: [between 1825 and 1852] 1825-1852 Art
Sumaria relacion de todas las cosas que han sucedido en la Nueva España... [manuscript] Manuscript Toltec; Aztec
Sumaria relacón de todas las cosas que an sucedido en la Nueva España... [manuscript copy by Lorenzo Boturini] c.1740 Manuscript Toltec; Aztec
Summary of official recommendations and correspondence concerning the formation of volunteer militias for the defense of the Parral region of Mexico [manuscript] c.1779 Manuscript
Views of Ancient Monvments in Central America, Chiapas and Yvcatan [sic] 1844 Art
Vol. 26 de mon journal de notes de l’annee 1833-34 [manuscript]: conjugation des verbes aztèques, vocabulaire tchol et maya, ocotzinco 1833-1837 Manuscript Maya; Aztec
W.H. Jackson Photocrom Print Collection Vol 1: II 1898-1906 Photograph Aztec