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Title A Plan of Carver's grant from the Nawdowissie Indians
Cartographer Carver, Jonathan (1710-1780); Rooker, Michael Angelo (1746-1801); United States: General Land Office
Document Type Map
Description Unsigned map showing territory in west central Wisconsin and southeastern Minnesota, a triangular tract roughly bounded by present day St Paul (Minn.) and Iron and Wood Counties (Wis.). Drawn on a General Land Office township grid; many townships include names of title claimants. 'Explanation' contains 13 lines of text describing the limits of a land grant purportedly given to explorer Jonathan Carver by two Dakota Indian chiefs in 1767. Beginning after Carver's 1780 death and well into the twentieth century, his descendants and other parties repeatedly made unsuccessful claims on the so-called 'Carver grant'.
Places St Paul, Minnesota, Iron County, Wood County, Wisconsin, United States
Keywords land grant, land tenure, chief, exploration, frontier, white settlers
Theme American Indians and the European Powers; American Indians and the US Government
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Northeast, Great Plains
Physical Description

1 manuscript map: vellum, hand-coloured; 613 x 788 mm.

Pen-and-ink and watercolour (blue, red, yellow, brown).

Additional Information

Inset view, 103 x 172 mm: 'The Falls of Saint Anthony on the River Mississippi, near 2,400 miles from its entrance into the Gulf of Mexico'. View copied from engraving by M. A. Rooker published in multiple eds. of: Carver, Jonathan, Travels through the interior parts of North America, in the years 1766, 1767, and 1768 (1778).

Date from c.A. Smith, 'List of ms. maps Ayer Coll.' no. 257; note on map refers to another map published in 1821.

For discussion of the fraudulent development of the Carver Grant, see John Parker's New light on Jonathan Carver. For brief description of another manuscript map of the grant dated c.1845 at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, see David Bosse's The Maps of Robert Rogers and Jonathan Carver. Both pieces appear in The American magazine and historical chronicle v. 2 no. 1 (Spring-Summer 1986).

Scale c.1:352,000.

Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT drawer Ayer MS map 257
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue