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Title A narrative of the United Brethren among the Delaware & Mohegan Indians [manuscript]: from its commencement in the year 1740 to the close of the year 1808…
Author Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus (1743-1823)
Document Type Manuscript
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: In this lengthy narrative, Heckewelder recounts the development and expansion of the Moravian Mission among the Delaware and Mohegan Indians from 1740 through 1808. Heckewelder includes in his work a brief history of the Moravian Church, the establishment of Indian missions in present day Ohio - especially the Tuscarawas River Valley, his difficult experiences throughout the Revolutionary War period when he attempted to continue the Mission’s viability, the Indian massacre at Gnadenhutten in 1782, and his fiduciary role in the early 1800’s of managing 12,000 acres of land held in trust by the Church for the benefit of the Moravian Indians.
Places Georgia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Tuscarawas River Valley, United States
Keywords religion, missionary, Moravian Church, Christianity, white settlement, settlement, US War of Independence, war, warfare, Gnadenhutten Massacre, massacre, travel
Theme Missionaries and Education
Additional Information

FULL TITLE: A narrative of the United Brethren among the Delaware & Mohegan Indians [manuscript]: from its commencement in the year 1740 to the close of the year 1808: comprising all the remarkable incidents which took place at their missionary stations during that period: interspersed with anecdotes, historical facts, speeches of Indians & other interesting matter / by John Heckewelder, who was many years in the service of that mission

Missionary of the Moravian Church to the Indians of Ohio and Pennsylvania during the latter half of the eighteenth century, Heckewelder spent many years learning the languages and customs of these Indian tribes. He was most familiar with the Ohio Country Delaware and Mohegan Indians helping to establish the Moravian Mission of Gnadenhutten, Ohio in the 1760’s and 1770’s. Heckewelder vividly recorded in contemporary correspondence and in later accounts his experiences and broad knowledge of Indian life and of colonial affairs in the Ohio Valley.

Editor’s revisions noted in pencil throughout.

Heckewelder’s ms. published: Philadelphia: M’Carty & Davis, 1820. Cf. Sabin 31205.

Includes letter of contract from William McCarty to Heckewelder dated Bethlehem, Pa., May 30, 1819 specifying the terms of publication.

Unbound, in slipcase made by Riviere & Son.

Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 3089
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue