The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Title A trip to the gold regions of the Rocky Mountains in the summer of 1860 [manuscript]: [1860]
Author Young, John David (1839-1898)
Document Type Travel Journal
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: John D. Young’s narrative of his 1860 round trip from Chicago to the Colorado gold fields and his experiences there, probably composed in Chicago after the trip. Contains full descriptions of encounters with frontier justice, friendly and hostile Indians (Potawatomi, Pawnee, Comanche, Arapahoe, Ute, Sioux, Cheyenne), a Rocky Mountain forest fire, great buffalo herds, a "hurricane" at Marysville, and a prairie dog village. Also discussed in detail are rich Missouri farmlands poorly utilized under slavery, the Pony Express, towns and forts (Quincy, St. Joseph, Marysville, Fort Kearny, Denver, Tarryall), scenery and terrain, road conditions, diet, clothing, equipment, diggings (Tarryall, Blue River, California Gulch, etc.), methods of gold extraction, claim salting, etc.
Places Quincy, St. Joseph, Marysville, Fort Kearny, Denver, Tarryall, Blue River, California Gulch, Rocky Mountains, Chicago, Illinois, Colorado, United States
Keywords personal account, travel, travelogue, observation, gold, prospecting, frontier, hostility, buffalo, farming, slavery, Pony Express, settlement, fort, road, dress, supplies, overland trail
Theme Observation, Representation and Cultural Encounters
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Great Basin, Great Plains, Northeast
Additional Information Young was a Colorado gold rush participant and Ottawa, Ill., lumber merchant. Born in Canada in 1839, he moved with his family to Chicago in 1843. In 1860 Young travelled with a party of seven gold seekers from Chicago by rail to Quincy, steamer to Hannibal, rail to St. Joseph, and wagon along the Saint Joe Road and the cutoff to Denver. For over a month, Young prospected in the Colorado mountains near Tarryall and California Gulch, before returning with five of his original party to Chicago. Young later (1863) settled in Ottawa, Ill., where he married (1864), engaged in the lumber business, and served as mayor (1880-1881).
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 3210
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue