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Title Accounts and diary [manuscript]: Deer Creek and Rough and Ready, [Calif.], 1850 Mar. 8 - June 7
Author Houghton, Cornelius Briggs (b.1823)
Document Type Financial Record; Diary
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Accounts, Mar. 8 - June 7, 1850, and diary, Mar. 9 - May 5, 1850, kept by C. B. Houghton en route to the California gold-mining region from Sacramento, and at Rough and Ready and Deer Creek. Accounts itemize expenditures for transportation, lodging, meals, mules and horses, foodstuffs, mining equipment, and cooking utensils. Also listed are the account settlements of partners Houghton, John C. Garfield, and E. S. Darling. Diary describes travel, impeded by bad roads and rain; mining results and Indian conflicts at Rough and Ready; and claim investments and further mining results at Deer Creek. The last entry, dated May 5, records Houghton’s trip to Bird’s Valley on the middle fork of the American River, and notes families encountered along the way and news of Indian troubles.
Names Garfield, John C.; Darling, E. S.
Places Sacramento, Rough and Ready, Deer Creek, Bird's Valley, American River, California, United States
Keywords money, financial transactions, mining, gold, gold rush, goods, travel, travelogue, weather, trail, hostility, equipment, pioneer, frontier
Theme Trade and Indian Economies
Culture Area California, Great Basin
Additional Information

Houghton was a California gold miner. Originally from Massachusetts, he emigrated to California in 1849, and settled in 1853 in Benicia. In 1878, his occupation was listed as lumber dealer.

The material includes a typed transcription of Houghton's diary.

Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 3075
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue