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Title Book relative to Indian affairs [manuscript]: journals to treaties, 1791-1794
Author Parrish, John (1729-1807)
Document Type Travel Journal
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Journal kept by John Parrish, regarding his journeys from Philadelphia to three Indian treaty councils, June 12-July 15, 1791, Apr. 30-Aug. 19, 1793, and Sept. 15-Nov. 27, 1794. Includes reports on travel and accomodations, Quaker meetings held enroute, visits to Indian camps, interviews with Indian delegates (Red Jacket, Farmer’s Brother, Cornplanter, etc.), interactions with U.S. Commissioners (Timothy Pickering) and British officials (Lt. Gov. Simcoe, Col. England), and negotiations and council meetings. Also comments on Niagara Falls, Jemimah Wilkinson, Indian captives, Detroit, the Moravian Indians, Col. Joseph Brant’s efforts with the western Indians, and Gen. Wayne’s American army. Contains copies of letters from Lt. Gov. Simcoe, June 3, 1793, and the Moravian Indians, July 5, 1793; "A short account of Silvester Ash’s captivity as related by himself"; and "Speech of the commissioners of the United States delivered to the deputation of confederated Indian nations assembled at the rapids of the Miami River," July 31, 1793. Several newspaper articles are also copied in the journal.
Names Brant, Joseph (1742-1807); Cornplanter (c.1732-1836); England, Richard (c.1750-1812); Farmer’s Brother (c.1725-1814); Parrish, John (1729-1807); Pickering, Timothy (1745-1829); Red Jacket (c.1756-1830); Simcoe, John Graves (1752-1806); Wilkinson, Jemima (1752-1819)
Places Detroit, Michigan, Niagara Falls, New York, United States; Ontario, Canada
Keywords treaty, captive, government, government relations, war, politics, Moravian Church, Quaker, religion, Christianity, encampment, commissioner, tribal government, army
Theme American Indians and the US Government; Military Encounters: Conflicts, Rebellions and Alliances; American Indians and the European Powers
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Northeast
Additional Information

Philadelphia Quaker who advocated emancipation of African American slaves and fair treatment of the Indians. At the request of the Indians, Parrish journeyed to three Indian - U.S. treaty councils in the early 1790’s. Two councils resulted in agreements with the Six Nations (Newtown Point, N.Y., July 15, 1791 and Canandaigua, N.Y., Nov. 11, 1794). The U.S. having rejected the Indian demand for an Ohio River boundary as a prerequisite for talks, the 1793 council with the Delawares, Shawnee, Iroquois, Wyandot and nine other tribes failed to materialize. Parrish awaited this council at the British garrison in Detroit and at the Miami River in Ohio.

Cornplanter, Farmer's Brother, and Red Jacket were Seneca chiefs.

Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 3146
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue