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Title California before the Jesuits (1540-1697): typescript, [1908] / written and read by Mrs. M. Burton Williamson, before the California Badger Club, Nov. 4, 1908
Author Williamson, Mrs., Martha Burton Woodhead (1843-1922)
Document Type Manuscript
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Typescript copy of a speech on the early history of California, written and delivered by Mrs. M. Burton Williamson bfore the California Badger Club on Nov. 4, 1908. The lecture begins with Columbus’ discovery of the West Indies in 1492 and John Cabot’s discovery of North America in 1497, although the author points out that California history properly begins with the voyages of Alarcón in 1540 and Cabrillo in 1542. She continues with Balboa’s discovery of the Pacific Ocean at the beginning of the 16th century, and the discovery of Baja California by Ximenez in 1534 in Cortes’ ship "La Concepción." The author also discusses the Indians of California and their fishing and weaving skills, the origin of the name "California," and the relationship of California to the legend of the seven cities of Cibola. The first Englishmen to visit California were members of the expedition led by Sir Francis Drake, who, in 1579, sailed into Drake’s Bay. In conclusion, Williamson stresses the importance of the discoveries of Sebastian Vizcaino, who explored the coast of California from Acapulco to Monterrey.
Names California Badger Club; Cabot, John; Balboa, Vasco Núñez de; Ximenez, Pedro; La Concepción; Drake, Sir, Francis; Vizcaino, Sebastian
Places California, United States; Baja California, Mexico; Alarcón, Cabrillo, Spain
Keywords address, history, Christopher Columbus, discovery, exploration, Jesuit, expedition, colonialism, ship, observation, custom, crafts, legend
Theme American Indians and the European Powers
Culture Area California, Mesoamerica
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference box Ayer MS 2195
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue