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Title Carta tercera de relacion [manuscript]
Author Cortés, Hernán (1485-1547)
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Copy of Cortés’ letter of May 15, 1522 to the Spanish king, Carlos V, containing an account of the conquest and recovery of the Aztec capital of Temixtitan (now Mexico City), the subjugation of other Indian tribes, and expeditions to the Pacific Ocean. Cortés summarizes parts of his second letter of 1520 to the king, and then describes how the Spaniards, initially defeated by the Indians, succeeded in conquering the Aztecs, capturing their rulers, and taking the great city of Temixtitan. Although the Spaniards were forced to contest with treachery from within their own ranks, Cortés’ desire for revenge, his careful planning of the siege of Temixtitan, and his exploitation of the rifts and disloyalties among the various Indian tribes enabled him to defeat the Aztecs as well as other tribes Texcoco, Tacuba, and Cuernavaca, and to begin rebuilding a Spanish city on the ruins of the Aztec capital. Cortés also includes a brief discussion of the expeditions made by his men to discover the Mar del Sur or the Pacific Ocean and to take possession of it in the king’s name. Frédéric de Waldeck, a former owner, states that the ms. is an original letter in Cortés’ hand, although it is most likely a later copy in secretarial hand. Where Cortés’ third letter bears the date May 15, 1522, this ms. copy is dated May 15, 1526.
Names Waldeck, Frédéric de
Places Mexico City, Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico; Spain
Keywords conquistadors, New Spain, exploration, discovery, personal account, Spain, attack, battle, alliance, rebellion
Theme Indigenous Peoples of Mexico; Military Encounters: Conflicts, Rebellions and Alliances; American Indians and the European Powers
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Mesoamerica
Language Spanish
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 1071
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue