The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Title Carte copiée sur celle qui a été tracée par le sauvage Ochagache et autres
Cartographer Ochagach [Auchagah]; La Vérendrye, Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de (1685-1749); Margry, Pierre (1818-1894)
Document Type Map
Description Tracing by Pierre Margry made 1846 from c.1728 manuscript map compiled for Pierre Gaultier de Varrenes, sieur de La Vérendrye, from Cree Indian sources, including Ochagach. Shows waterways in western Canada and the West (U.S.) from the northern shore of Lake Superior to Lake of the Woods, Lake Winnipeg, the upper Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, and the lower Saskatchewan and Assiniboine Rivers. Identifies portages, rapids, tribal regions, and Fort Kaministiquia. Includes 34 numbered sites apparently meant to accompany map legend (lacking).
Places Lake of the Woods, Lake Winnipeg, Saskatchewan River, Assinibone River, Fort Kaministiquia, Canada; Missouri River, Mississippi River, United States
Keywords France, New France, exploration, colonialism, river, lake, fort
Theme American Indians and the European Powers
Culture Area Great Plains
Language French
Physical Description

1 manuscript map; 617 x 1,825 mm.

Pencil and pen-and-ink. Drawn on 7 sheets pasted together; mounted on cloth.

Additional Information

Scales differ.

Various manuscript and printed versions of this map are discussed and reproduced in: Lewis, G. Malcom, 'Indicators of unacknowledged assimilations from Amerindian maps on Euro-American maps of North America' in Imago Mundi 38 (1986) pp. 9-22; Lewis, G. Malcom, 'Indian maps' in Judd, Carol and Arthur Ray (eds), Old trails and new directions (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1980) pp. 15-16; Dahl, Edward and Conrad Heidenreich, 'French mapping of North America' in Map Collector 19 (June 1982), pp. 4-6; and Vollmar, Rainer, Indianische Karten Nordamerikas (Berlin: Deitrich Reimer Verlag, 1981), pp. 52-53.

Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference 8F drawer Ayer MS map 186
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue