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Title Codex Cempoallan [manuscript]
Document Type Manuscript; Art
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Indian pictorial manuscript with captions in Nahuatl, created during the first half of the 18th century, probably between 1700-1743, documenting land claims in the village of Zempoala. A village land book, compiled by the Nahuas to describe their lands and to guarantee their rights of ownership before Spanish administrators, the Codex records the names, acreage, and boundaries of the districts belonging to the village of Zempoala. It also includes the names and portraits of nobles and functionaries of Zempoala whose families claimed private ownership of lands in the village. Christian settlements, such as Santa Cruz Tecocomulco and San Marcos, are depicted throughout the Codex with drawings of churches, as well as the "tecpan" or city hall; magueys and nopals indicate the principal crops cultivated in the area. Circles represent units of land measurement in "mecatls," and houses indicate the number of tribute-payers in each district.
Places Santa Cruz, Tecocomulco, San Marcos, Zempoala, Mexico
Keywords art, landowner, land tenure, property, colonial forces, colonialism, Spain, New Spain, boundary, naming, settlement, white settlers, white settlement, Christianity, illustration, church, religion, crops, agriculture, payment, money, map, language, culture
Theme Indigenous Peoples of Mexico; Missionaries and Education; American Indians and the European Powers
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Mesoamerica
Language Nahuatl
Additional Information OTHER TITLE: [Codex Zempoala]
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 1472
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue