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Title Confidential suggestions as to how the treaty with the Pottowotamies may be made [manuscript]: memorandum: to Hon. W. L. Marcy, Secy. of War and Hon. Wm. Medill, Com. Ind. Affairs, 1846 Mar. 16
Author Ewing, George Washington (1803-1866)
Document Type Official Record; Correspondence; Treaty
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Contemporary copy of a Mar. 16, 1846, memorandum from Ewing to the Secretary of War, William Marcy, and the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, William Medill, offering suggestions as to the negotiation and content of a treaty securing the removal of Potawatomi bands from eastern Kansas and Council Bluffs, Iowa, to a tract of land located on the Kansas River. Ewing recommends commissioners (Maj. Timothy P. Andrews) and other personnel (Richard S. Elliott), negotiating procedures, terms ($850,000 with about $100,000 outright to pay debts), etc., and hopes that the reform-minded Commissioner of Indian Affairs, with whom an adversarial relationship was developing, would excuse his suggestions, which were calculated to maximize collection of the tribe’s debts to the Ewing firm.
Names Marcy, William; Medill, William; Andrews, Timothy P.; Elliott, Richard S.; Ewing, William G. (d.1854)
Places Council Bluffs, Iowa, Kansas, Kansas River, United States
Keywords commissioner, Indian removal, land tenure, financial transactions, money, debt, trade, fur trade, fur trader
Theme American Indians and the US Government
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Great Plains, Northeast
Additional Information Ewing was a merchant, Indian trader, real estate speculator, and government lobbyist. Born on the Raisin River near Detroit in 1803, George Washington Ewing was raised on the frontier in Piqua, Ohio, and Fort Wayne, Indiana, where his father established a large fur-trading operation with the Shawnees. In 1827, Ewing and his older brother, William G. Ewing, founded W. G. and G. W. Ewing, a trading firm that by the 1840s was second only to P. Chouteau, Jr. and Co., and that specialized in providing merchandise in exchange for annuities received by tribes for sale of their lands to the U.S. government. A powerful and effective advocate of the firm’s interests in Washington, Ewing played a major role in the making of federal Indian policy during the 1840s and 1850s.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 3067
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue