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Title Copia del manifiesto que presentó Dn. Tomás Southuel â la Superioridad en el año de 1769 [manuscript]: proponiendo el establecimiento de pescas en las sondas de las Indias Occidentales ê Yslas...
Author Southwell, Thomas
Document Type Manuscript
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Copy, dated Feb. 8, 1783, of a document of March 10, 1769 presented by Thomas Southwell to the Spanish government, describing rampant smuggling off the coasts of the Yucatán and Honduras, and proposing to establish a fishing industry there to remedy the situation. Southwell condemns foreign ships, especially English ships, which, under the pretext of cutting logwood (palo de tinte) from the coasts of Yucatán and Honduras, illegally take gold, silver, cochineal, deerskins, and fruits as well. The contraband is often openly traded farther up the coast in Veracruz, interfering with Spanish commerce and depriving the royal treasury of tax revenue. In addition, the English ravage the land and exploit the Indians. After describing the geography and resources of the Yucatán, Honduras, and nearby Caribbean islands, Southwell proposes establishing a fishing industry to reduce English influence in the area, improve Spanish trade with the colonies, and attract settlers to the island of Roatán. He lists necessary steps for implementing the plan, such as an open trade policy between Spain and her colonies; severe penalties for illegally harvesting and selling logwood; tax exemptions on salt used to dry fish; and the appointment of a special juez conservador to oversee the logwood and fishing industries.
Places Veracruz, Yucatán, Mexico; Roatán, Honduras
Keywords Spain, New Spain, government, smuggling, agriculture, ship, colonialism, British colonialism, timber, law and order, gold, trade, commerce, business, tax, observation, settlement, white settlers, white settlement
Theme Observation, Representation and Cultural Encounters; Indigenous Peoples of Mexico; Trade and Indian Economies; American Indians and the European Powers
Culture Area Mesoamerica
Language Spanish
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 1223
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue