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Title Diary [manuscript]: 1810 June 30 - July 16
Author Eddy, John Hartshorne (1782-1817)
Document Type Diary; Travel Journal
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: John Hartshorne Eddy’s ms. diary, June 30 - July 16, 1810, kept while accompanying his father and other New York state commissioners on their exploration of a canal route to Lake Erie via Lake Ontario. After noting the appointment and mission of the commissioners, the diary begins with the June 30 cruise up the Hudson from New York City to Albany. It continues on the Mohawk River from Schenectady via small boat to Utica, across Lake Oneida, and then by the Oswego River to Lake Ontario. Noted are commissioners’ meetings; towns, industries, and landmarks passed; terrain and vegetation; navigational difficulties; existing canals and locks; the Oneida Indian reservation; and the meals, accomodations, and recreations of the party.
Places New York, New York, Erie Canal, Oswego River, Oneida Lake, Mohawk River, Albany, New York, United States
Keywords canal, exploration, expedition, government, transportation, travel, travelogue, vegetation, geographical survey, river, reservation
Theme Observation, Representation and Cultural Encounters; American Indians and the US Government
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Northeast
Additional Information

Geographer and botanist. The son of Thomas Eddy, a New York state prison reformer and canal promoter, John Hartshorne Eddy lost his hearing at age 12, but still was able to pursue intensive scientific studies at Columbia. In 1810 he joined his father, DeWitt Clinton, and several other commissioners apppointed by New York state on their examination of the Lake Ontario route for a canal to Lake Erie. Before his 1817 death, Eddy published several maps of the New York region which have been attributed to John Henry Eddy.

Erroneously attributed to Thomas Eddy by Ruth Lapham Butler.

Title supplied from another ms. copy of diary, possibly a later version, at the New York Public Library.

Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 267
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue