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Title Documents concerning protests by Indians against the construction of two churches in Zacatlán [manuscript]: 1750 Oct. 20-1753 March 24
Document Type Manuscript; Official Record; Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Petitions, reports, and official responses from 1750 to 1753, concerning the request to the archbishop of Puebla from the curate of Zacatlán, Agustín Ortíz de Espinosa, to construct two churches in the parishes of Xicolapa and Thomatlán. The bishop, Domingo Pantaleon Alvarez approves Espinosa’s request of Oct. 20, 1750, but before work on the churches can be completed, a counter petition is filed by certain Indians of Zacatlán, complaining that the new churches are not necessary and protesting the presence of Dominican priests in the area. They state that the Indians are too poor to pay for the buildings and to contribute to the maintenance of the priests. When the Indians create disturbances during Mass, Espinosa wants the army to intervene and pacify the dissenters using force. Many Indian families abandon the settlements in fear of punishment. Papers from October 1750-March 1753 document the ongoing negotiations on the matter among the viceroy, Revillagigedo; his fiscal Andreu; the bishop of Puebla; Father Espinosa; and various municipal officials from Zacatlán. Andreu’s final recommendation of March 23, 1753, approved by the viceroy on March 24, supports the construction of the churches, and points out that the one church yet to be built will cost only 100 pesos. Andreu suggests that the costs be paid from present church funds, to be paid back at a later time.
Names Espinosa, Agustín Ortíz de; Alvarez, Domingo Pantaleon; Andreu y Ferraz, Antonio; Revillagigedo, Viceroy
Places Xicolapa, Thomatlán, Zacatlán, Mexico; Spain
Keywords petition, church, religion, government, legislature, armed forces, colonial forces, colonialism, New Spain, Spain, settlement, hostility, money, expenses, politics
Theme Indigenous Peoples of Mexico; American Indians and the European Powers; Missionaries and Education
Culture Area Mesoamerica
Language Spanish
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 1163
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue