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Title Documents pertaining to cases heard in the Real Audiencia of Mexico [manuscript]: 1663-1722
Author New Spain, Real Audiencia (Mexico City)
Document Type Official Record; Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Documents of the Real Audiencia de Mexico, dated 1663-1722, concerning the court’s disposition of administrative, economic, and ecclesiastical matters. The first set of documents contains drafts of reports of the Audiencia to the Consejo de Indias in Seville, advising the council of the court’s decisions in various legal and legislative proceedings. The consultas deal with topics such as the necessity of using black slaves in the mines and fields; taxes imposed on Indians; Indian revolts in Tehuantepec; municipal appointments; the presidio at Havana; and the disposition of the property of deceased clergy. There are also three indices of despatches sent by the king to the Audiencia between 1707 and 1709. The lists, signed by Gaspar de Pinedo, give the date of each despatch and a summary of its contents. Other documents are copies of letters of January 1709 to the king from the Audiencia, advising him, as required by royal order, of the court’s decisions in affairs such as regulation of the encomienda, criminal investigations into official wrongdoing; amnesty for prisoners in celebration of the birth of the prince; laws prohibiting Indian priests from entering Spain; and approval of church taxes in the bishopric of Oaxaca. Finally, there are several petitions in cases from 1720-1722, appealing the decisions of the lower courts and seeking review by the Audiencia, the highest court of appeals in Mexico.
Names Pinedo, Gaspar de
Places Oaxaca, Tehuantepec, Mexico City, Mexico; Spain; Havana, Cuba
Keywords court, law and order, law, legislation, legislature, litigation, trial, economy, religion, church, slavery, mining, tax, property, death, Spain, petition, Mexican, New Spain, colonialism, politics, government, colonialism
Theme Indigenous Peoples of Mexico; American Indians and the European Powers
Culture Area Mesoamerica, Caribbean
Language Spanish
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 1139
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue