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Title Documents pertaining to community affairs of Cuitlahuac, Tlalmanalco de Velázquez, and Tláhuac in the province of Chalco [manuscript] 1551-1858 [Volume 1]
Document Type Manuscript; Official Record
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Documents in Nahuatl and Spanish from 1551-1858 relating to community expenses, taxation, property titles, and litigation in several pueblos of the province of Chalco, Mexico. Ten "cartas de pago" or receipts for payment, drawn up by the Indians of Cuitlahuac, verify their payments of tribute to the encomendero, Alonso de Cuevas, between 1573-1579. The tribute payment of 115 pesos and 5 tomines, made three times a year, is indicated by the pictographs as well as the Nahuatl text. The second group of 45 documents, all in Spanish, contain accounts of revenues from community cornfields, and municipal expenses for the towns of Tlalmanalco, Tlahuac, and Cuitlahuac between 1634-1681, such as the costs of religious festivals and litigation over land boundaries. Ten documents for the years 1623-1635 include receipts for payment of tribute from municipal officials of Tlahuac and Cuitlahuac, as well as tithe payments signed by the parish priests. Other documents in Spanish concern property litigation against the town of Xochimilco; appointments from 1551 by the viceroy Luis de Velasco, naming certain Indians as alcaldes of Cuitlahuac; petitions and orders concerning fishing and irrigation rights for the Indians of Cuitlahuac; and a judgment in favor of the Indians of Tlahuac against Don Alonso de Cuevas. The final four items include a bill of sale dated 1788 for property in Chimalcoyoc, and other land sale documents for Tlalpam and Coyoacan.
Places Chalco de Díaz Covarrubias, Cuitlahuac, Tláhuac, Tlalmanalco de Velázquez, Mexico
Keywords deed, land tenure, sale of land, tax, litigation, court, language, account, expenditure, expenses, agriculture, festival, religion, priest, border, fishing rights, irrigation, Mexico, Mexican
Theme Indigenous Peoples of Mexico
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Mesoamerica
Language Spanish; Nahuatl
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 1476
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue