The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Title Emma B. Freeman photographs of Yurok and Hupa Indians: Vol 3
Photographer Freeman, Emma B. (1880-1928)
Document Type Photograph
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue (applies to Emma B. Freeman collection as a whole): Posed images of Yurok and Hupa Indians taken in the studio and in outdoor settings in Eureka and Humboldt County, 1914-1918. Soft-focused and stylized, the portraits are not accurate representations of Indian dress or ways. Included are images of Robert Spott, Bertha Stevens, Vivian Chase, Hazel Ferris, Grace Wayman, and Ed. Pearch. There are also a few shots of older Indians taken at the Hoopa and Klamath reservations, and there is one portrait of Emma B. Freeman.
Names Bibancus
Keywords portrait, art, education, crafts, mythology, subsistence
Theme Observation, Representation and Cultural Encounters; Trade and Indian Economies
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Great Basin, California
Additional Information Freeman was a photographer and artist from Eureka, California. Born in 1880 in Nebraska, Emma Belle Richart married Edwin R. Freeman in Colorado in 1901. In 1904 the couple moved to San Francisco, where they opened an art shop and Emma took drawing and painting lessons. Following the 1906 earthquake the Freemans relocated to Eureka, Calif., and they established the Freeman Art Company. Divorced from her husband in 1915, Emma became the sole proprietor of the firm and practiced photography, specializing in artistic portraits and landscapes, including a series of images of local Yurok and Hupa Indians. She sold her Indian prints through the Freeman Art Company and also exhibited them at the 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference Ayer Photographs Box 101: Hupa and Klamath Indians; Emma B Freeman; Vol. 3