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Title Fragmentos de la Historia de Tlaxcala de Diego Muñoz Camargo [manuscript]
Author Muñoz Camargo, Diego (c.1529-1599)
Document Type Manuscript
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Copy made in 1852 by Mariano Macedo of parts of Muñoz Camargo’s history of Tlaxcala, from the ms. owned at that time by Joaquín García Icazbalceta. Book I recounts the early history of Tlaxcala of the 11th and 12th centuries; the establishment of the centers at Tepectícpac, Ocotelulco, Tizatlán, and Quiahuiztlán; and the ongoing wars with the Aztecs, especially under Moctezuma Ilhuicamina. Muñoz Camargo also describes important Tlaxcalan heroes such as the great warrior Tlahuicole and the rulers, Xicoténcatl, father and son. There are chapters on the culture and social customs of the Tlaxcalans, and on their religion, including details on the priests, idols, and human sacrifices. Book II begins with the arrival of the Spaniards in Mexico, and the role of the Tlaxcalans as allies of Cortés in his conquest of the Aztec empire. With the coming of the first Franciscans missionaries, Indian gods such as Camaxtli are denounced and their temples destroyed. The chronicle continues with accounts of new explorations and discoveries in New Mexico and California following the Conquest; the political and ecclesiastical organization of the colony; and the achievements of the early viceroys, concluding in 1585 as the 5th viceroy, the marqués de Villamanrique, takes office. Although a section of Alfonso Zurita’s Breve y sumaria relación de los señores de la Nueva España was to have been included with Muñoz Camargo’s ms., Macedo, the copyist, points out that it was never added. He also notes that he is leaving blank pages in his book in the event that the continuation of Muñoz Camargo’s ms. is found.
Names Moctezuma Ilhuicamina; Tlahuicole; Xicoténcatl; Cortés, Hernán (1485-1547); Zurita, Alfonso; Macedo
Places Tlaxcala, Tepectícpac, Ocotelulco, Tizatlán, Quiahuiztlán, Mexico; California, New Mexico, United States
Keywords history, culture, custom, social life, religion, mythology, colonialism, conquistadors, Spain, New Spain, settlement, empire, Franciscans, missionary, church, exploration, discovery, politics, government
Theme Indigenous Peoples of Mexico; Observation, Representation and Cultural Encounters; Missionaries and Education; American Indians and the European Powers
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Mesoamerica, Southwest
Language Spanish
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 1174
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue