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Title Informe de Dn. Eusebio Bentura Beleña al Exmo. Sor. virrey Marques de Croix [manuscript]: con descripción delas provincias de Sonora y Cinaloa, parajes donde se cobra el tributo, fundamentos legales para su exacción, repartimiento de tierras, y otros various puntos...
Author Avendano y Loyola, Andres de
Document Type Manuscript; Official Record
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Ms. copy of a report, dated May 16, 1770, in Álamos, to the viceroy of New Spain, the marqués de Croix, from Eusebio Bentura Beleña, the subdelegate of visitor general José de Gálvez, concerning the collection of tributes, land division, and other legal matters in the provinces of Sonora and Sinaloa. Beleña informs the viceroy of the past history and procedures for the collection of tributes in the northern frontier provinces of Sinaloa and Sonora, formerly known as Nueva Andalucía. He describes the boundaries and the alcaldías mayores within the provinces, and points out that although taxes are levied in other areas, they have never been collected in Sinaloa or Sonora (with the exception of Culiacán) because they were considered frontier provinces. He supports Galvez’s proposal to tax the Indians and outlines the legal basis for doing so. Beleña also favors organizing the Indians who inhabit the areas around the Sinaloa, Mayo, Fuerte, and Yaqui rivers into formal parishes, granting them ownership of land, and collecting tributes. In order to put an end to the Indian rebellions in these provinces which have been an ongoing problem since 1751-52, Beleña recommends that the Indians be disarmed and that provincial militias be created.
Places Sonora, Sinaloa, Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico; Petén, Guatemala
Keywords tax, Franciscans, boundary, territory, land claim, frontier, law, land owner, rebellion, religion, weapon, Mexican, travel, observation, social life, custom, militia
Theme Indigenous Peoples of Mexico; American Indians and the European Powers
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Mesoamerica
Language Spanish
Additional Information Born in Spain, Avendano later settled in the Yucatán, where he achieved preeminence in the Franciscan order there. He wrote several linguistic works (none of which was ever published), including an extensive Mayan dictionary and a study of medical botany. Excerpts from his Relación de las dos Entradas were published in Madrid in 1701, as part of Villagutierre’s Historia de la Conquista de la Provincia de el Itza.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 1042
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue