The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Title Instructions [manuscript]: St. Louis, [Mo.], to Mr. Turcotte, 1815 May 16
Author Clark, William (1770-1838)
Document Type Official Record
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Instructions to Mr. Turcotte (initially addressed to Mr. Hays), May 16, 1815, signed by William Clark, Ninian Edwards, and Auguste Chouteau, regarding the notification of hostile tribes of the commissioners’ intent to convene a treaty conference. Turcotte was to proceed to the Rock River and there notify the Sauks and the Foxes, and, if possible, send messages to the Winnebagos, Kickapoos, Iowas, Menominees, and other neighboring tribes. He was then to travel to Prairie du Chien to notify the tribes there, and to relay messages to the Sioux and Chippewa. The commissioners also wished to be apprised of the Indians’ disposition toward the U.S. and of recent British involvement with the tribes.
Names Chouteau, Auguste (1750-1829); Edwards, Ninian (1775-1833); Turcotte, Mr
Places Rock River, Prairie du Chien, Saint Louis, Missouri, United States
Keywords War of 1812, government relations, government, Indian Agent, Bureau of Indian Affairs, treaty, peace, directive, British Colonialism
Theme American Indians and the US Government; Trade and Indian Economies; American Indians and the European Powers
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Northeast, Great Plains
Additional Information With the close of the War of 1812, William Clark, Auguste Chouteau, and Ninian Edwards were appointed commissioners to conclude peace treaties between the U.S. and warring western Indian tribes. The treaty conference convened on July 5, 1815, at Portage de Sioux and continued until Sept. 16, 1815. Numerous treaties with individual tribes pledging forgiveness and the release of prisoners were drawn up during the meetings. In addition, the Indians were compensated with presents for their dead.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 173
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue