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Title Journal [manuscript]: 1802
Author Hawkins, Benjamin (1754-1816)
Document Type Diary
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Journal kept by Andrew Pickens Jr. in 1802 while he served as a U.S. commissioner (with Benjamin Hawkins and James Wilkinson) appointed by the War Dept. to negotiate Creek land cessions. The journal contains a copy in Picken’s handwriting (dated "Commisioners Camp near Fort Wilkinson, 27th May 1802") of a ms. by Benjamin Hawkins entitled "A sketch of the creek country in the years 1798 & 1799." The ms. is followed by "Continuation of the talks between the Commissioners of the United States & the Chiefs of the Creek Nation - 13th of June 1802," which contains meeting proceedings and a copy of the "Treaty of Limits between the United States of America & the Creek Nation of Indians." In this treaty, dated June 16, 1802, the Creeks ceded two tracts of land and obtained annuities, goods, and debt payments. Also a fragment, June 18, 1802, in the handwriting of Benjamin Hawkins, recording negotiations with a Cherokee delegation that had come to Fort Wilkinson to witness the proceedings and request action regarding white settlers on tribal lands.
Names Henley, David (1749-1823); Jackson, James (1757-1806); Toulmin, Harry (1766-1823); Bowles, William Augustus (c.1763-1805)
Places Fort Wilkinson, Georgia, United States
Keywords Indian agent, government relations, goods, negotiation, delegation, squatter, commissioner, land cession, treaty
Theme American Indians and the US Government; Military Encounters: Conflicts, Rebellions and Alliances
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Southeast
Additional Information North Carolina planter, U.S. senator, and Indian agent. In 1796, George Washington appointed Hawkins, a veteran of treaty negotiations with the southern Indians, as "Principal Temporary Agent for Indian Affairs South of Ohio." Hawkins served as agent to the Creeks and as general superintendent of Indian affairs in the region until 1803. From 1803 to 1816 he continued as agent for the Creeks and Seminoles within the boundaries of U.S.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 370
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue