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Title Journal recounting Indian uprisings in Baja California [manuscript]: 1734-1737
Author Taraval, Sigismundo (1700-1763)
Document Type Diary
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Autograph diary of Father Taraval, containing an account in 324 numbered paragraphs of various Indian uprisings in Baja California between 1734 and 1737. Taraval, rector of the mission of Santa Rosa, describes the Indian hostilities encountered by the Jesuit missionaries who sought to settle and Christianize the area. His journal begins in July 1734 with rumors of impending revolt among the Pericúes and Huchitíes. By Oct. 6, 1734, he and some loyal Callajue Indian followers had fled to the island of Espíritu Santo, after having received word of the massacre of two other Jesuit priests, Lorenzo Carranco and Nicolás Tamaral at the Santiago and San Joséph missions, respectively. With Captain Estevan Rodríguez Lorenzo, an experienced Indian fighter, Father Taraval decides to return to La Paz and establish military headquarters there from which to deal with the rebels. Unfortunately, when other Indian hostilities jeopardize the San Ignacio mission in the north, La Paz is abandoned in Jan. 1735. The journal documents ongoing skirmishes in Mission Dolores area during 1735, and the arrival of soldiers and Yaqui Indians under the command of Manuel Huidobro in December. Taraval recounts Huidobro’s ineffectual policies of dealing with the rebels during 1736, as well as his own attempts to restore Mission San Joseph. The journal ends in Jan. 1737, as leading rebels are captured and banished. At paragraph 248, Taraval includes "Programma chronologicum" of the lives of the martyrs Carranco and Tamaral.
Names Carranco, Lorenzo; Tamaral, Nicolás; Lorenzo, Captain, Estevan Rodríguez; Huidobro, Manuel; Carranco; Tamaral
Places Mission San Joseph, Mission Dolores, San Ignacio, La Paz, Santiago, San Joséph, Isla Espíritu Santo, Baja California, Mexico
Keywords travel, travelogue, personal account, hostility, rebellion, attack, missionary, church, religion, white settlers, Christianity, Jesuit, massacre, murder, armed forces, colonial forces
Theme Indigenous Peoples of Mexico; Military Encounters: Conflicts, Rebellions and Alliances
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Mesoamerica
Language Spanish
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT Ayer MS 1240
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue