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Title Letter [manuscript]: [San Xavier del Bac?], to Padre Guardián Diego Jiménez, [Querétaro, Mexico?], [ca. 1776]
Author Garcés, Francisco Tomás Hermenegildo (1738-1781)
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Contemporary copy in secretarial hand of a letter most likely written in 1776, from Father Garcés to Father Diego Jiménez, guardián of the Colegio de la Santa Cruz in Querétaro. Jiménez and Viceroy Bucareli requested Garcés to join the Anza expedition as far as the Colorado River and to explore the surrounding Indian territory. Garcés traveled from Tubac to the Gila River, and west to Yuma, Arizona. He explored the Colorado River south to the Gulf of California and north to Needles and Oraibe in Hopi territory, then headed west over the mountains to the San Joaquín Valley and the Gabriel mission. Garcés mentions that his diary is not yet ready to send, and so includes an abbreviated account of some of the highlights and findings of his journey from October 21, 1775 to September 17, 1776. He reports on the reception given to him by the various Indian tribes in the area of the Gila and Colorado Rivers, and indicates which ones he thought were ready to receive religious instruction. He comments throughout on the terrain, mentioning rivers and mountains, even observing the latitude of places visited using a quadrant and compass. He concludes by stressing the need to establish missions and presidios, not only to convert the Indians, but to open up communication between Sonora, the Colorado River area, and California.
Names Jiménez, Diego; Bucareli, Viceroy
Places Colorado River, Tubac, Gila River, Yuma, Arizona, Gulf of California, Needles, Oraibe, San Joaquín Valley, United States; Spain; Colegio de la Santa Cruz, Querétaro, Sonora, Mexico
Keywords religion, church, expedition, territory, exploration, discovery, missionary, personal account, education, geographical survery, observation, Franciscans, Spain, Mexican
Theme Observation, Representation and Cultural Encounters; Missionaries and Education
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Southwest, Mesoamerica
Language Spanish
Additional Information

BOUND WITH: Letter [manuscript]: San Xavier del Bac, to Juan Bautista de Anssa, 1768 July 29 and Letters [manuscript]: San Xavier del Bac, to Juan de Pineda, 1768 July 29-1769 July 23 Newberry Library references Ayer MS 1093 and Ayer MS 1094.

Garcés was a Spanish Franciscan missionary and explorer of the Southwest. Garcés served as head of the mission of San Xavier del Bac, where, from 1768 to 1781, he lived among the Apaches, Yumas, Gilas, and Mojaves, working to convert them to Catholicism. He made many journeys into Indian territory to the west and north betw

een 1768 and 1779. In 1781, Garcés was brutally murdered by Yuma Indians.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 1092
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue