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Title Letter [manuscript]: Camp on Grand River, [Indian Territory], to Col. W[illia]m G. Coffin, Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Southern Superintendency, 1862 July 19
Author Carruth, Edwin H.
Document Type Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: July 19, 1862, letter from Carruth and Martin to William G. Coffin, superintendent of Indian affairs, Southern Superintendency, reporting on the July 15 arrest at Tahlequah of John Ross and his family by a detachment of the expedition and that action’s ramifications for loyal Cherokees there. The agents confirm that Ross was compelled to join with the Confederacy to avert a civil war among his people. They also warn that the expedition’s retreat has left unionist Cherokees in danger of certain reprisals by rebel Cherokee forces.
Names Martin, Henry W.; Coffin, William G.; Ross, John (1790-1866)
Places Tahlequah, Oklahoma, Washington, United States
Keywords Superintendent of Indian Affairs, law and order, expedition, agent, Confederacy (CSA), war, government relations, treaty, chief, payment, territory, Civil War, militia
Theme Military Encounters: Conflicts, Rebellions and Alliances; American Indians and the European Powers
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Southeast, Great Plains
Additional Information In the summer of 1862, E.H. Carruth, Wichita Agency Indian agent, 1862-1864, and H.W. Martin, special Indian agent and later agent at the Sac and Fox Agency, 1862-1867, were appointed to accompany the U.S. Indian Expedition into Confederate-held Indian Territory. One objective of this military mission was to test the union sympathies of Cherokee chief John Ross, who was believed to have allied his tribe with the Confederacy under duress.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 138
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue