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Title Letter [manuscript]: Chiguagua [San Felipe del Real, Mexico], to Joseph de Galvez, 1777 Oct. 26
Author Miera y Pacheco, Bernardo (b.1713)
Document Type Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Contemporary signed copy of a letter of October 26, 1777 from Capt. Bernardo Miera y Pacheco to Joseph de Gálvez, prime minister to the Spanish king, Charles III, concerning the exploration and settlement of New Mexico. Miera first points out the importance of exploring and developing the coast of California, in order to assure Spain’s control of the northwest territory and to convert the Indian tribes to Christianity. He argues that once the problems of hostile Indians in the province of Gila are eliminated, settlements should be established without delay. Miera, now 64 years old and a veteran of many Indian campaigns and mapping expeditions, has left Santa Fe for San Felipe del Real de Chiguagua, where he has been waiting 6 months to petition the commandant general for a salaried command in the New Mexico militia. He expresses the hope that such an influential and noble minister as Gálvez will intercede on his behalf. In conclusion, Miera advises that since the northern territory of New Spain is harsh and undesirable, threatened by dangerous Apaches and Comanches who are unwilling to be converted, Spain should concentrate her efforts in opening up and populating the western lands, which offer better opportunities for Christianizing the Indians and exploiting the great mineral wealth there.
Names Gálvez, Joseph de
Places San Felipe del Real, Mexico; Spain; Santa Fe, California, United States
Keywords Spain, New Spain, exploration, settlement, white settlers, colonialism, religion, Christianity, hostility, petition, militia, mining
Theme Indigenous Peoples of Mexico; American Indians and the European Powers; Missionaries and Education
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area California, Southwest, Mesoamerica
Language Spanish
Additional Information BOUND WITH: Letter [manuscript]: San Phelipe el Real de Chiguagua [San Felipe del Real, Mexico], to Charles III, 1777 Oct. 26 and Petition [manuscript]: [San Felipe del Real, Mexico?], to Charles III, [1777 Oct. 26?], Newberry library references Ayer MS 1164 and Ayer MS 1165.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 1166
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue