The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Title Letter [manuscript]: Fort Conrad, N.M., to "Col.", 1853 Feb. 15
Author Robertson, Beverly Holcombe (1827-1910)
Document Type Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Feb. 15, 1853, letter from Lieut. Robertson, stationed at Fort Conrad, N.M., to an unidentified colonel, reporting on the true state of military affairs in New Mexico Territory in response to inaccurate statements in a recent report of the Secretary of War. Robertson comments on the failure of the Navajo expedition led by Col. Sumner; the recent increase in Apache depradations including an attack on Fort Webster reported by Maj. Richardson; and the cavalry’s lack of horses and ammunition. Robertson concludes that cavalry operations in the Territory are a farce and that the military leadership (Col. Sumner) is inept. Civil affairs in the Territory, including a gold-prospecting expedition to the Gila River, are also noted.
Names Richardson, Israel Bush (1815-1862); Sumner, Edwin Vose (1797-1863); Blake, Major
Places Fort Conrad, Fort Webster, Fort Fillmore, Gila River, La Joya, Texas, Canon de Chelle, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States
Keywords fort, attack, expedition, horse, livestock, subsistence, supplies, weapon, armed forces, gold, prospecting, war, government relations, territory, ammunition, animal
Theme Military Encounters: Conflicts, Rebellions and Alliances; American Indians and the US Government
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area Southwest
Additional Information Robertson was Virginian, a West Point graduate, officer in the 2nd Dragoons, 1849-1861, and Confederate brigadier general, 1861-1865. After the war, he engaged in the insurance and real estate business in Washington, D.C. and Chicago.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 771
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue