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Title Letter [manuscript]: San Phelipe el Real de Chiguagua [San Felipe del Real, Mexico], to Charles III, 1777 Oct. 26
Author Miera y Pacheco, Bernardo (b.1713)
Document Type Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Contemporary signed copy of a letter of October 26, 1777 to the king of Spain, Charles III, from Bernardo Miera y Pacheco in New Mexico, dealing with the pacification, settlement, and evangelization of the area around the Colorado and Gila Rivers, between New Mexico and the California coast. Miera offers his advice to the king based on his experience with the Domínguez-Escalante Expedition of 1776, for which he served as engineer and cartographer. The expedition, led by Fathers Atanasio Domínguez and Silvestre de Escalante, followed a northwest route from New Mexico to 42 degrees latitude in an unsuccessful attempt to reach the port of Monterey, which Miera sees as the key to the control and development of the region. To address the ongoing Apache hostilities, one of the most difficult obstacles to settling the area, Miera recommends stationing well-armed troops in the dangerous Gila province. The great expanses of territory can be unified through a system of presidios and settlements. By establishing three presidios along the Colorado River, Spain can extend its power and control by linking New Mexico with the California coast; bring Christianity to many willing Indian tribes; and replenish the royal treasury by developing the great mineral wealth of the region. Bound with Ayer Mss. 1165 and 1166.
Names Vélez de Escalante, Silvestre (d.1792); Domínguez, Francisco Atanasio
Places Gila River, Colorado River, New Mexico, California, United States
Keywords Spain, New Spain, peace, settlement, colonialism, religion, church, education, missionary, expedition, personal account, hostility, armed forces, colonial forces, territory, prospecting, mining
Theme Indigenous Peoples of Mexico; American Indians and the European Powers
Tribe / Nation
Culture Area California, Southwest
Language Spanish
Additional Information BOUND WITH: Petition [manuscript]: [San Felipe del Real, Mexico?], to Charles III, [1777 Oct. 26?] and Letter [manuscript]: Chiguagua [San Felipe del Real, Mexico], to Joseph de Galvez, 1777 Oct. 26, Newberry library references Ayer MS 1165 and Ayer MS 1166.
Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 1164
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue