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Title Letter [manuscript]: San Xavier del Bac, to Juan Bautista de Anssa, 1768 July 29
Author Garcés, Francisco Tomás Hermenegildo (1738-1781)
Document Type Correspondence
Description From the Newberry Library Catalogue: Letter, dated July 29, 1768, from Garcés to Juan Bautista de Anza giving news of the San Xavier mission. Garcés arrived June 30, 1768 at the mission of San Xavier del Bac, where he was to spend the next 13 years. He comments on the difficulties of instructing the Indians in the Catholic religion, as they are wild and do not apply themselves. The Tugsones have built a hut for him in their village, and Garcés plans to spend a week or two living among them. He points out that since even the Jesuits--who had cows, horses, and cornfields--had a hard time at the mission, he--with nothing--expects many hardships there as well.
Names Anza, Juan Bautista de
Places San Xavier del Bac, Tuscon, Arizona, United States; Spain
Keywords religion, church, education, missionary, Franciscans, Jesuit, observation, cultural assimilation, livestock, subsistence, Spain
Theme Missionaries and Education; Observation, Representation and Cultural Encounters
Culture Area Southwest
Language Spanish
Additional Information

BOUND WITH: Letter [manuscript]: [San Xavier del Bac?], to Padre Guardián Diego Jiménez, [Querétaro, Mexico?], [ca. 1776] and Letters [manuscript]: San Xavier del Bac, to Juan de Pineda, 1768 July 29-1769 July 23 Newberry Library references Ayer MS 1092 and Ayer MS 1094.

Garcés was a Spanish Franciscan missionary and explorer of the Southwest. Garcés served as head of the mission of San Xavier del Bac, where, from 1768 to 1781, he lived among the Apaches, Yumas, Gilas, and Mojaves, working to convert them to Catholicism. He made many journeys into Indian territory to the west and north between 1768 and 1779. In 1781, Garcés was brutally murdered by Yuma Indians.

Library The Newberry Library
Copyright The Newberry Library
Collection The Edward E. Ayer Collection
Reference VAULT box Ayer MS 1093
Catalogue Link The Newberry Library Catalogue